Macrolets: Outsized Extracellular Vesicles Released from Lipopolysaccharide-Stimulated Macrophages that Trap and Kill Escherichia coli

Wei Ding, Olivia C. Rivera, Shannon L. Kelleher, David I. Soybel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Macrophages release a variety of extracellular vesicles (EVs). Here we describe a previously unreported class of EVs that are released from macrophages in response to Escherichia coli endotoxin, lipopolysaccharide (LPS), that we have named “macrolets” since they are extruded as large “droplets” released from macrophages. Morphologically, macrolets are anuclear, bounded by a single lipid membrane and structurally dependent on an actin cytoskeleton. Macrolets are enriched in tetraspanins and separable on this basis from their parent macrophages. Macrolets are distinguished from classic exosomes by their larger size (10–30 μm), discoid shape, and the presence of organelles. Macrolets are rich in both interleukin 6 (IL-6) and interleukin 6 receptor (IL-6R),and are capable of trapping and killing E. coli in association with production of reactive oxygen species. Our observations offer insights into the mechanisms by which macrophage activities may be amplified in sites of infection, inflammation, and healing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number101135
JournaliScience
Volume23
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 26 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

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