Macroporous hydrogels for stable sequestration and sustained release of vascular endothelial growth factor and basic fibroblast growth factor using nucleic acid aptamers

Lidya Abune, Nan Zhao, Jinping Lai, Benjamin Peterson, Spencer Szczesny, Yong Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Macroporous hydrogels have been widely studied for biological and biomedical applications such as drug delivery and tissue engineering. However, these hydrogels cannot stably sequester molecules of interest due to their high permeability. The purpose of this work was to study the feasibility of using two aptamers to sequester two protein drugs, quantify the apparent diffusivity of the protein drugs in aptamer-functionalized macroporous hydrogels, and evaluate the function of aptamer-functionalized macroporous hydrogels in controlling protein release for angiogenesis. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) were used as the model proteins. The data show that anti-VEGF and anti-bFGF aptamers could be uniformly incorporated into macroporous hydrogels for stable and specific sequestration of VEGF and bFGF. The aptamers could reduce the apparent diffusivity of VEGF and bFGF in the macroporous hydrogels by approximately 3 orders of magnitude. Moreover, as the aptamers could prolong the release of these growth factors, dual aptamer-functionalized macroporous hydrogels could stimulate synergistic angiogenesis. Therefore, this work has successfully demonstrated that aptamer-functionalized macroporous hydrogels hold great potential of stably sequestering multiple molecules of interest for various biological and biomedical applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalACS Biomaterials Science and Engineering
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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Hydrogels
Nucleic acids
Fibroblast Growth Factor 2
Fibroblasts
Nucleic Acids
Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
Proteins
Molecules
Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
Drug delivery
Tissue engineering
Pharmaceutical Preparations

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering

Cite this

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title = "Macroporous hydrogels for stable sequestration and sustained release of vascular endothelial growth factor and basic fibroblast growth factor using nucleic acid aptamers",
abstract = "Macroporous hydrogels have been widely studied for biological and biomedical applications such as drug delivery and tissue engineering. However, these hydrogels cannot stably sequester molecules of interest due to their high permeability. The purpose of this work was to study the feasibility of using two aptamers to sequester two protein drugs, quantify the apparent diffusivity of the protein drugs in aptamer-functionalized macroporous hydrogels, and evaluate the function of aptamer-functionalized macroporous hydrogels in controlling protein release for angiogenesis. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) were used as the model proteins. The data show that anti-VEGF and anti-bFGF aptamers could be uniformly incorporated into macroporous hydrogels for stable and specific sequestration of VEGF and bFGF. The aptamers could reduce the apparent diffusivity of VEGF and bFGF in the macroporous hydrogels by approximately 3 orders of magnitude. Moreover, as the aptamers could prolong the release of these growth factors, dual aptamer-functionalized macroporous hydrogels could stimulate synergistic angiogenesis. Therefore, this work has successfully demonstrated that aptamer-functionalized macroporous hydrogels hold great potential of stably sequestering multiple molecules of interest for various biological and biomedical applications.",
author = "Lidya Abune and Nan Zhao and Jinping Lai and Benjamin Peterson and Spencer Szczesny and Yong Wang",
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AU - Abune, Lidya

AU - Zhao, Nan

AU - Lai, Jinping

AU - Peterson, Benjamin

AU - Szczesny, Spencer

AU - Wang, Yong

PY - 2019/1/1

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AB - Macroporous hydrogels have been widely studied for biological and biomedical applications such as drug delivery and tissue engineering. However, these hydrogels cannot stably sequester molecules of interest due to their high permeability. The purpose of this work was to study the feasibility of using two aptamers to sequester two protein drugs, quantify the apparent diffusivity of the protein drugs in aptamer-functionalized macroporous hydrogels, and evaluate the function of aptamer-functionalized macroporous hydrogels in controlling protein release for angiogenesis. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) were used as the model proteins. The data show that anti-VEGF and anti-bFGF aptamers could be uniformly incorporated into macroporous hydrogels for stable and specific sequestration of VEGF and bFGF. The aptamers could reduce the apparent diffusivity of VEGF and bFGF in the macroporous hydrogels by approximately 3 orders of magnitude. Moreover, as the aptamers could prolong the release of these growth factors, dual aptamer-functionalized macroporous hydrogels could stimulate synergistic angiogenesis. Therefore, this work has successfully demonstrated that aptamer-functionalized macroporous hydrogels hold great potential of stably sequestering multiple molecules of interest for various biological and biomedical applications.

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