Magnetic coupling of ferromagnetic stripe arrays

Analytical model for the α-β -phase coexistence regime of MnAs/GaAs(001)

Roman Engel-Herbert, T. Hesjedal

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4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigate the temperature-dependent hysteresis of the stripe state of MnAs thin films on GaAs(001) in the phase coexistence regime. The underlying magnetic domain structure is described employing an analytic model for stripe arrays with perpendicular anisotropy. In the framework of this model the magnetic properties of the MnAs stripe array can be unraveled as a combined effect of magnetostatic coupling of neighboring ferromagnetic stripes and the tendency to form antiparallel magnetic domains within the individual ferromagnetic stripes. The detailed analysis reveals the balance of demagnetization energy and domain-wall energy for the domain structure. It is capable to quantitatively predict the temperature dependency of the coercive field of MnAs thin films on GaAs(001) in the phase coexistence regime. Further, the analytic model allows for an understanding of the unusual magnetic reversal properties as a consequence of the temperature-driven geometrical variations in the stripe array. Here, it is the energy difference of the single and the multidomain states associated with the geometrical variations, which is the driving factor, rather than the temperature dependence of the magnetic properties themselves. Although the stripe array of MnAs thin films can be in an interstripe as well as in an intrastripe coupling state, the magnetization reversal is entirely determined by interstripe coupling.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number235309
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume78
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2008

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Magnetic couplings
Analytical models
Magnetic domains
magnetic domains
Thin films
Magnetic properties
thin films
magnetic properties
Magnetization reversal
Demagnetization
Temperature
Magnetostatics
Domain walls
demagnetization
magnetostatics
temperature
domain wall
Hysteresis
energy
tendencies

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

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title = "Magnetic coupling of ferromagnetic stripe arrays: Analytical model for the α-β -phase coexistence regime of MnAs/GaAs(001)",
abstract = "We investigate the temperature-dependent hysteresis of the stripe state of MnAs thin films on GaAs(001) in the phase coexistence regime. The underlying magnetic domain structure is described employing an analytic model for stripe arrays with perpendicular anisotropy. In the framework of this model the magnetic properties of the MnAs stripe array can be unraveled as a combined effect of magnetostatic coupling of neighboring ferromagnetic stripes and the tendency to form antiparallel magnetic domains within the individual ferromagnetic stripes. The detailed analysis reveals the balance of demagnetization energy and domain-wall energy for the domain structure. It is capable to quantitatively predict the temperature dependency of the coercive field of MnAs thin films on GaAs(001) in the phase coexistence regime. Further, the analytic model allows for an understanding of the unusual magnetic reversal properties as a consequence of the temperature-driven geometrical variations in the stripe array. Here, it is the energy difference of the single and the multidomain states associated with the geometrical variations, which is the driving factor, rather than the temperature dependence of the magnetic properties themselves. Although the stripe array of MnAs thin films can be in an interstripe as well as in an intrastripe coupling state, the magnetization reversal is entirely determined by interstripe coupling.",
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N2 - We investigate the temperature-dependent hysteresis of the stripe state of MnAs thin films on GaAs(001) in the phase coexistence regime. The underlying magnetic domain structure is described employing an analytic model for stripe arrays with perpendicular anisotropy. In the framework of this model the magnetic properties of the MnAs stripe array can be unraveled as a combined effect of magnetostatic coupling of neighboring ferromagnetic stripes and the tendency to form antiparallel magnetic domains within the individual ferromagnetic stripes. The detailed analysis reveals the balance of demagnetization energy and domain-wall energy for the domain structure. It is capable to quantitatively predict the temperature dependency of the coercive field of MnAs thin films on GaAs(001) in the phase coexistence regime. Further, the analytic model allows for an understanding of the unusual magnetic reversal properties as a consequence of the temperature-driven geometrical variations in the stripe array. Here, it is the energy difference of the single and the multidomain states associated with the geometrical variations, which is the driving factor, rather than the temperature dependence of the magnetic properties themselves. Although the stripe array of MnAs thin films can be in an interstripe as well as in an intrastripe coupling state, the magnetization reversal is entirely determined by interstripe coupling.

AB - We investigate the temperature-dependent hysteresis of the stripe state of MnAs thin films on GaAs(001) in the phase coexistence regime. The underlying magnetic domain structure is described employing an analytic model for stripe arrays with perpendicular anisotropy. In the framework of this model the magnetic properties of the MnAs stripe array can be unraveled as a combined effect of magnetostatic coupling of neighboring ferromagnetic stripes and the tendency to form antiparallel magnetic domains within the individual ferromagnetic stripes. The detailed analysis reveals the balance of demagnetization energy and domain-wall energy for the domain structure. It is capable to quantitatively predict the temperature dependency of the coercive field of MnAs thin films on GaAs(001) in the phase coexistence regime. Further, the analytic model allows for an understanding of the unusual magnetic reversal properties as a consequence of the temperature-driven geometrical variations in the stripe array. Here, it is the energy difference of the single and the multidomain states associated with the geometrical variations, which is the driving factor, rather than the temperature dependence of the magnetic properties themselves. Although the stripe array of MnAs thin films can be in an interstripe as well as in an intrastripe coupling state, the magnetization reversal is entirely determined by interstripe coupling.

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