Magnetic nanofactories

Localized synthesis and delivery of quorum-sensing signaling molecule autoinducer-2 to bacterial cell surfaces

Rohan Fernandes, Chen Yu Tsao, Yoshifumi Hashimoto, Liang Wang, Thomas Keith Wood, Gregory F. Payne, William E. Bentley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Magnetic 'nanofactories', for localized manufacture and signal-guided delivery of small molecules to targeted cell surfaces, are demonstrated. They recruit nearby raw materials for synthesis, employ magnetic mobility for capture and localization of target cells, and deliver molecules to cells triggering their native phenotypic response, but with user-specified control. Our nanofactories, which synthesize and deliver the "universal" bacterial quorum-sensing signal molecule, autoinducer AI-2, to the surface of Escherichia coli, are assembled by first co-precipitating nanoparticles of iron salts and the biopolymer chitosan. E. coli AI-2 synthases, Pfs and LuxS, constructed with enzymatically activatable "pro-tags", are then covalently tethered onto the chitosan. These enzymes synthesize AI-2 from metabolite S-adenosylhomocysteine. Chitosan serves as a molecular scaffold and provides cell capture ability; magnetite provides stimuli responsiveness. These magnetic nanofactories are shown to modulate the natural progression of quorum-sensing activity. New prospects for small molecule delivery, based on localized synthesis, are envisioned.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)228-239
Number of pages12
JournalMetabolic engineering
Volume9
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2007

Fingerprint

Quorum Sensing
Chitosan
Molecules
Escherichia coli
S-Adenosylhomocysteine
Ferrosoferric Oxide
Biopolymers
Magnetite
Metabolites
Scaffolds
Nanoparticles
Raw materials
Iron
Enzymes
Salts
N-octanoylhomoserine lactone

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Cite this

Fernandes, Rohan ; Tsao, Chen Yu ; Hashimoto, Yoshifumi ; Wang, Liang ; Wood, Thomas Keith ; Payne, Gregory F. ; Bentley, William E. / Magnetic nanofactories : Localized synthesis and delivery of quorum-sensing signaling molecule autoinducer-2 to bacterial cell surfaces. In: Metabolic engineering. 2007 ; Vol. 9, No. 2. pp. 228-239.
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Magnetic nanofactories : Localized synthesis and delivery of quorum-sensing signaling molecule autoinducer-2 to bacterial cell surfaces. / Fernandes, Rohan; Tsao, Chen Yu; Hashimoto, Yoshifumi; Wang, Liang; Wood, Thomas Keith; Payne, Gregory F.; Bentley, William E.

In: Metabolic engineering, Vol. 9, No. 2, 01.03.2007, p. 228-239.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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