Diagnosing musculoskeletal pathology requires understanding of the normal embryological development. Intrinsic errors of skeletal development are individually rare but are of paramount clinical importance because anomalies can greatly impact patients’ lives. An accurate assessment of the fetal musculoskeletal system must be performed to provide optimal genetic counseling as well as to drive therapeutic management. This manuscript reviews the embryology of skeletal development and the appearance of the maturing musculoskeletal system on fetal MRI. In addition, it presents a comprehensive review of musculoskeletal fetal pathology along with postnatal imaging.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging