Making a short gamma-ray burst from a long one: Implications for the nature of GRB 060614

Bing Zhang, Bin Bin Zhang, E. N.Wei Liang, Neil Gehrels, David N. Burrows, Peter Mészáros

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Abstract

The absence of a supernova accompanying the nearby long GRB 060614 poses a great puzzle about the progenitor of this event and challenges the current GRB classification scheme. This burst displays a short-hard emission episode followed by extended soft emission with strong spectral evolution. Noticing that this burst has an isotropic gammaray energy only ∼8 times that of GRB 050724, a good candidate of merger-type short GRBs, we generate a "pseudo"burst that is ∼8 times less energetic than GRB 060614 based on the spectral properties of GRB 060614 and the Ep ∝ Eiso1/2 (Amati) relation. We find that this pseudoburst would have been detected by BATSE as a marginal short-duration GRB and would have properties in the Swift BAT and XRT bands similar to GRB 050724. This suggests that GRB 060614 is likely a more intense event in the traditional short-hard GRB category. Events like GRB 060614 that seem to defy the traditional short versus long classification of GRBs may require modification of our classification terminology for GRBs. By analogy with supernova classifications, we suggest that GRBs be classified into Type I (typically short and associated with old populations) and Type II (typically long and associated with young populations). We propose that GRB 060614 belongs to Type I and predict that similar events will be detected in elliptical galaxies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L25-L28
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume655
Issue number1 II
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 20 2007

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Zhang, B., Zhang, B. B., Liang, E. N. W., Gehrels, N., Burrows, D. N., & Mészáros, P. (2007). Making a short gamma-ray burst from a long one: Implications for the nature of GRB 060614. Astrophysical Journal, 655(1 II), L25-L28. https://doi.org/10.1086/511781