Malaria masquerading as relapse of Hodgkin′s lymphoma on contrast enhanced 18 F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography: A diagnostic dilemma

Sunil Jeph, Kamia Thakur, Shamim Ahmed Shamim, Ajay Aggarwal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

18 Flurodeoxyglucose (18 F-FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) is nowadays routinely used in management of lymphoma patients. We here present a case of Hodgkin′s lymphoma which showed 18 F-FDG avid splenomegaly on PET/CT done for clinically suspected relapse. Further evaluation by peripheral smear examination revealed malaria. The patient was then started on anti-malarial medications and follow-up PET/CT revealed resolution of hypermetabolic splenomegaly. This report highlights that in endemic regions malaria can cause 18 F-FDG avid splenomegaly and might mimic relapse of lymphoma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)102-104
Number of pages3
JournalIndian Journal of Nuclear Medicine
Volume29
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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