Malarial anemia among pregnant women in the south-western coastal city of Mangaluru in India

Valleesha N. Chandrashekar, Kishore Punnath, Kiran K. Dayanand, Rajeshwara N. Achur, Srinivas B. Kakkilaya, Poornima Jayadev, Suchetha N. Kumari, Channe Gowda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: The worldwide burden of pregnancy associated malaria is largely underestimated. Objective: In this study, we assessed the incidence and severity of malarial anemia, and associated risk factors among pregnant women in Mangaluru, a city in India. Methods: A hospital-based cross-sectional study involving 105 pregnant women, including controls, was conducted at Government Lady Goschen Hospital, Mangaluru. The socio-demographic and hematological data were analysed to determine the prevalence of malarial anemia among pregnant women. Results: Of the 105 pregnant women, 71 were infected with malaria of which (48, 67.6%)had P. vivax, (13, 18.3%)P. falciparum and (10, 14.1%)mixed infections. Among those infected, 87.3% were anemic, in which 11.3% had severe anemia. Notably, malarial infection was higher among primigravidae (40.6%)women and they delivered low birth weight babies. Lack of knowledge about preventive measures and lack of awareness concerning antenatal care services, especially among rural women, were major determinants of pregnancy associated malaria. Conclusions: We conclude that there is an urgent need to strengthen the malaria surveillance measures and antenatal care services, and create awareness about pregnancy associated malaria. Further, increasing the number of rural health centers, establishing community outreach programs, distribution of bed nets, and early diagnosis and treatment, could reduce the pregnancy associated malaria burden in Mangaluru.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number100159
JournalInformatics in Medicine Unlocked
Volume15
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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Malaria
Anemia
Pregnant Women
India
Pregnancy
Prenatal Care
Rural Health Services
Community-Institutional Relations
Low Birth Weight Infant
Coinfection
Early Diagnosis
Cohort Studies
Cross-Sectional Studies
Demography
Infection

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health Informatics

Cite this

Chandrashekar, V. N., Punnath, K., Dayanand, K. K., Achur, R. N., Kakkilaya, S. B., Jayadev, P., ... Gowda, C. (2019). Malarial anemia among pregnant women in the south-western coastal city of Mangaluru in India. Informatics in Medicine Unlocked, 15, [100159]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.imu.2019.02.003
Chandrashekar, Valleesha N. ; Punnath, Kishore ; Dayanand, Kiran K. ; Achur, Rajeshwara N. ; Kakkilaya, Srinivas B. ; Jayadev, Poornima ; Kumari, Suchetha N. ; Gowda, Channe. / Malarial anemia among pregnant women in the south-western coastal city of Mangaluru in India. In: Informatics in Medicine Unlocked. 2019 ; Vol. 15.
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abstract = "Background: The worldwide burden of pregnancy associated malaria is largely underestimated. Objective: In this study, we assessed the incidence and severity of malarial anemia, and associated risk factors among pregnant women in Mangaluru, a city in India. Methods: A hospital-based cross-sectional study involving 105 pregnant women, including controls, was conducted at Government Lady Goschen Hospital, Mangaluru. The socio-demographic and hematological data were analysed to determine the prevalence of malarial anemia among pregnant women. Results: Of the 105 pregnant women, 71 were infected with malaria of which (48, 67.6{\%})had P. vivax, (13, 18.3{\%})P. falciparum and (10, 14.1{\%})mixed infections. Among those infected, 87.3{\%} were anemic, in which 11.3{\%} had severe anemia. Notably, malarial infection was higher among primigravidae (40.6{\%})women and they delivered low birth weight babies. Lack of knowledge about preventive measures and lack of awareness concerning antenatal care services, especially among rural women, were major determinants of pregnancy associated malaria. Conclusions: We conclude that there is an urgent need to strengthen the malaria surveillance measures and antenatal care services, and create awareness about pregnancy associated malaria. Further, increasing the number of rural health centers, establishing community outreach programs, distribution of bed nets, and early diagnosis and treatment, could reduce the pregnancy associated malaria burden in Mangaluru.",
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Chandrashekar, VN, Punnath, K, Dayanand, KK, Achur, RN, Kakkilaya, SB, Jayadev, P, Kumari, SN & Gowda, C 2019, 'Malarial anemia among pregnant women in the south-western coastal city of Mangaluru in India', Informatics in Medicine Unlocked, vol. 15, 100159. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.imu.2019.02.003

Malarial anemia among pregnant women in the south-western coastal city of Mangaluru in India. / Chandrashekar, Valleesha N.; Punnath, Kishore; Dayanand, Kiran K.; Achur, Rajeshwara N.; Kakkilaya, Srinivas B.; Jayadev, Poornima; Kumari, Suchetha N.; Gowda, Channe.

In: Informatics in Medicine Unlocked, Vol. 15, 100159, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Malarial anemia among pregnant women in the south-western coastal city of Mangaluru in India

AU - Chandrashekar, Valleesha N.

AU - Punnath, Kishore

AU - Dayanand, Kiran K.

AU - Achur, Rajeshwara N.

AU - Kakkilaya, Srinivas B.

AU - Jayadev, Poornima

AU - Kumari, Suchetha N.

AU - Gowda, Channe

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Background: The worldwide burden of pregnancy associated malaria is largely underestimated. Objective: In this study, we assessed the incidence and severity of malarial anemia, and associated risk factors among pregnant women in Mangaluru, a city in India. Methods: A hospital-based cross-sectional study involving 105 pregnant women, including controls, was conducted at Government Lady Goschen Hospital, Mangaluru. The socio-demographic and hematological data were analysed to determine the prevalence of malarial anemia among pregnant women. Results: Of the 105 pregnant women, 71 were infected with malaria of which (48, 67.6%)had P. vivax, (13, 18.3%)P. falciparum and (10, 14.1%)mixed infections. Among those infected, 87.3% were anemic, in which 11.3% had severe anemia. Notably, malarial infection was higher among primigravidae (40.6%)women and they delivered low birth weight babies. Lack of knowledge about preventive measures and lack of awareness concerning antenatal care services, especially among rural women, were major determinants of pregnancy associated malaria. Conclusions: We conclude that there is an urgent need to strengthen the malaria surveillance measures and antenatal care services, and create awareness about pregnancy associated malaria. Further, increasing the number of rural health centers, establishing community outreach programs, distribution of bed nets, and early diagnosis and treatment, could reduce the pregnancy associated malaria burden in Mangaluru.

AB - Background: The worldwide burden of pregnancy associated malaria is largely underestimated. Objective: In this study, we assessed the incidence and severity of malarial anemia, and associated risk factors among pregnant women in Mangaluru, a city in India. Methods: A hospital-based cross-sectional study involving 105 pregnant women, including controls, was conducted at Government Lady Goschen Hospital, Mangaluru. The socio-demographic and hematological data were analysed to determine the prevalence of malarial anemia among pregnant women. Results: Of the 105 pregnant women, 71 were infected with malaria of which (48, 67.6%)had P. vivax, (13, 18.3%)P. falciparum and (10, 14.1%)mixed infections. Among those infected, 87.3% were anemic, in which 11.3% had severe anemia. Notably, malarial infection was higher among primigravidae (40.6%)women and they delivered low birth weight babies. Lack of knowledge about preventive measures and lack of awareness concerning antenatal care services, especially among rural women, were major determinants of pregnancy associated malaria. Conclusions: We conclude that there is an urgent need to strengthen the malaria surveillance measures and antenatal care services, and create awareness about pregnancy associated malaria. Further, increasing the number of rural health centers, establishing community outreach programs, distribution of bed nets, and early diagnosis and treatment, could reduce the pregnancy associated malaria burden in Mangaluru.

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Chandrashekar VN, Punnath K, Dayanand KK, Achur RN, Kakkilaya SB, Jayadev P et al. Malarial anemia among pregnant women in the south-western coastal city of Mangaluru in India. Informatics in Medicine Unlocked. 2019 Jan 1;15. 100159. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.imu.2019.02.003