Malignant lymphoma and leukemia with prominent ulceration: Clinicopathologic correlation of 33 cases

Klaus Helm, W. P.Daniel Su, Sigfrid A. Muller, Paul J. Kurtin

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16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The clinical and pathologic findings in patients with malignant lymphomas who presented with prominent cutaneous ulcers are described. Objective: Our purpose was to determine the histologic findings, type, and prognosis of lymphomas with cutaneous ulcers. Methods: Thirty-three patients (20 with cutaneous T-cell lymphomas, 10 with other non-Hodgkin's lymphomas, and 3 with leukemia) were retrospectively studied. Results: All patients had a poor prognosis; 23 died within 9 months after the onset of the ulcers. Patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma had a worse prognosis, had a higher incidence of systemic involvement, and more often had ulcers as an initial manifestation of lymphoma than did the patients with cutaneous T-cell lymphoma. The histopathologic findings ranged from a nonspecific inflammatory infiltrate to ulcers with marked adjacent epidermal epider-motropism to ulcers with an angiocentric infiltrate. Conclusion: A variety of lymphomas may cause cutaneous ulceration. Adequate sampling of these ulcers is necessary for diagnosis. The average life expectancy after ulcer formation is 21 months.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)553-559
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Volume27
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1992

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Dermatology

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