Management of eclampsia

John Repke, Errol R. Norwitz

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Eclampsia refers to the occurrence of one or more generalized grand mal tonic-clonic seizures and/or coma in the setting of preeclampsia and in the absence of underlying neurological disease. The origin of the word is from the Greek “eklampsis,” meaning a “shining forth” [1], although other origins have been proposed including “bolt from the blue,” a “lightning bolt,” and other such terms to describe the aura that commonly precedes the seizure. Eclampsia was at one time thought to be the end result of preeclampsia, hence the nomenclature. It is now clear, however, that seizures are but one clinical manifestation of “severe” preeclampsia. Incidence Despite recent advances in detection and management, preeclampsia remains the second most common cause of maternal death in the United States (after thromboembolism), accounting for approximately 15% of all maternal deaths [2]. It is estimated that eclampsia is a factor in up to 10% of all maternal deaths in developed countries, and probably accounts for around 50 000 maternal deaths per year worldwide [3]. In the United States and other developed countries, the incidence of eclampsia is relatively stable at around 4-5 per 10 000 live births [4]. In developing countries, however, the reported incidence varies widely from 6-7 to as high as 100 cases per 10 000 live births [5], which reflects in part the lack of adequate prenatal care. Occurrence rates are highest amongst non-white nulliparous women from lower socioeconomic backgrounds.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHypertension in Pregnancy
PublisherCambridge University Press
Pages141-158
Number of pages18
ISBN (Electronic)9780511902529
ISBN (Print)9780521731560
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2010

    Fingerprint

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Internal Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

Cite this

Repke, J., & Norwitz, E. R. (2010). Management of eclampsia. In Hypertension in Pregnancy (pp. 141-158). Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511902529.012