Non-tumoral portal vein thrombosis (PVT) remains a highly relevant topic in the field of hepatology and liver transplantation with much surrounding controversy. Although multiple studies have shown that PVT is associated with adverse outcomes with increased morbidity and mortality rates, others have not reported the same clinical impact of PVT, arguing rather that incident PVT reflects worsening portal hypertension and the natural history of the disease. Despite this uncertainly, PVT is a dilemma facing the clinician on a daily basis often requiring a multidisciplinary team-based approach between hepatologists, transplant surgeons, interventional radiologists and hematologists. In this review, the authors provide a summary of the evidence supporting best clinical practices in the management of non-tumoral PVT in patients with cirrhosis.
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