Management of Peristomal Pyoderma Gangrenosum

Lisa S. Poritz, Marjorie A. Lebo, Anne D. Bobb, Christine M. Ardell, Walter A. Koltun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) occurs in about 1% to 5% of patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Peristomal pyoderma gangrenosum (PPG) is particularly difficult to manage. Study Design: A retrospective chart review was performed on all patients with IBD in whom PPG developed from 1997 to 2007 at the Milton S Hershey Medical Center. Results: Sixteen patients (11 women) were identified. Seven had Crohn's disease (CD), seven had ulcerative colitis (UC), and two had indeterminate colitis. Six patients underwent total proctocolectomy, six patients had total abdominal colectomy (TAC), and four patients had diverting loop stomas. PPG occurred an average of 18.4 ± 7.5 months after stoma creation. Twelve patients had active IBD when PPG developed. Two patients had stoma revisions and both had recurrence of the PPG with the new stoma. Medical therapy was successful in eight patients. Five patients had their stomas closed, with active PPG, and all five resolved their lesions. In four of five, surgical management was altered because of PPG (one early stoma closure, two ileal pouches without stomas, one ileal pouch with high body mass index). Of the seven and six patients treated with cyclosporine or infliximab, respectively, there were only two successes with each. Conclusions: PPG is more common in the presence of active IBD. Surgical closure of the stoma was successful in resolving PPG in all patients. Cure rate of PPG was poor with cyclosporine and only marginally better with infliximab. Medical treatment of PPG is imperfect, and the best therapy is stoma closure when possible.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)311-315
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the American College of Surgeons
Volume206
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery

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