Management of postoperative ileus

David Stewart, Kenneth Waxman

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Postoperative ileus is an abnormal pattern of gastrointestinal motility that is common after both abdominal and nonabdominal surgeries. There are many causes of ileus, including postoperative pain and the use of narcotics for analgesia, electrolyte imbalances, and manipulation of the bowel during surgery. Despite its prevalence, there is still no reliable treatment to prevent ileus or shorten its course. This article discusses the causes of postoperative ileus and the treatment options currently available. The literature on early refeeding, gum chewing, and the use of tube feeds is reviewed. In addition, new and experimental drugs currently in development are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)561-566
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican journal of therapeutics
Volume14
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2007

Fingerprint

Ileus
Chewing Gum
Gastrointestinal Motility
Narcotics
Postoperative Pain
Analgesia
Electrolytes
Therapeutics
Pharmaceutical Preparations

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

Cite this

Stewart, David ; Waxman, Kenneth. / Management of postoperative ileus. In: American journal of therapeutics. 2007 ; Vol. 14, No. 6. pp. 561-566.
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Management of postoperative ileus. / Stewart, David; Waxman, Kenneth.

In: American journal of therapeutics, Vol. 14, No. 6, 01.11.2007, p. 561-566.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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AB - Postoperative ileus is an abnormal pattern of gastrointestinal motility that is common after both abdominal and nonabdominal surgeries. There are many causes of ileus, including postoperative pain and the use of narcotics for analgesia, electrolyte imbalances, and manipulation of the bowel during surgery. Despite its prevalence, there is still no reliable treatment to prevent ileus or shorten its course. This article discusses the causes of postoperative ileus and the treatment options currently available. The literature on early refeeding, gum chewing, and the use of tube feeds is reviewed. In addition, new and experimental drugs currently in development are discussed.

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