Manganese- and iron-dependent marine methane oxidation

Emily J. Beal, Christopher H. House, Victoria J. Orphan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

480 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Anaerobic methanotrophs help regulate Earth's climate and may have been an important part of the microbial ecosystem on the early Earth. The anaerobic oxidation of methane (AOM) is often thought of as a sulfate-dependent process, despite the fact that other electron acceptors are more energetically favorable. Here, we show that microorganisms from marine methane-seep sediment in the Eel River Basin in California are capable of using manganese (birnessite) and iron (ferrihydrite) to oxidize methane, revealing that marine AOM is coupled, either directly or indirectly, to a larger variety of oxidants than previously thought. Large amounts of manganese and iron are provided to oceans from rivers, indicating that manganese- and iron-dependent AOM have the potential to be globally important.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)184-187
Number of pages4
JournalScience
Volume325
Issue number5937
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 10 2009

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Methane
Manganese
Iron
Rivers
Eels
Climate
Oxidants
Oceans and Seas
Sulfates
Ecosystem
Electrons

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

Cite this

Beal, Emily J. ; House, Christopher H. ; Orphan, Victoria J. / Manganese- and iron-dependent marine methane oxidation. In: Science. 2009 ; Vol. 325, No. 5937. pp. 184-187.
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Manganese- and iron-dependent marine methane oxidation. / Beal, Emily J.; House, Christopher H.; Orphan, Victoria J.

In: Science, Vol. 325, No. 5937, 10.07.2009, p. 184-187.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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