Mantle transition zone structure beneath Kenya and Tanzania: More evidence for a deep-seated thermal upwelling in the mantle

Audrey D. Huerta, Andrew A. Nyblade, Angela M. Reusch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

58 Scopus citations

Abstract

Here we investigate the thermal structure of the mantle beneath the eastern Branch of the East African Rift system in Kenya and Tanzania. We focus on the structure of the mantle transition zone, as delineated by stacking of receiver functions. The top of the transition zone (the 410km discontinuity) displays distinctive topography, and is systematically depressed beneath the rift in Kenya and northern Tanzania and adjacent volcanic fields. This depression is indicative of a localized ∼350°C thermal anomaly. In contrast, the bottom of the transition zone (the 660km discontinuity) is everywhere depressed. This region-wide depression is best explained as a Ps conversion from the majorite-perovskite transition of anomalously warm mantle. We interpret this structure of the transition zone as resulting from the ponding of a mantle plume (possibly the deep-mantle African Superplume) at the base of the transition zone, which then drives localized thermal upwellings that disrupt the top of the transition zone and extend to shallow mantle depths beneath the rift in Kenya and northern Tanzania.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1249-1255
Number of pages7
JournalGeophysical Journal International
Volume177
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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