Person-centered care (PCC) has a wide range of definitions, most based on expert opinion rather than empirical analysis. The current study used an empirical concept mapping approach to identify core components of PCC used in longterm services and supports (LTSS). The aim is to help providers and researchers develop a unified set of domains that can be used to assess and improve the quality of PCC in real-world settings. Results yielded six domains describing essential elements of PCC in LTSS: Enacting Humanistic Values, Direct Care Worker Values, Engagement Facilitators, Living Environment, Communication, and Supportive Systems; and two underlying dimensions: Intrapersonal Activities and Extrapersonal Services and Social and Physical Environment. Nurses can use the results to enhance clinical knowledge and skills around delivery of PCC. Researchers can use the results to build a comprehensive and unified measure to accelerate adoption of PCC practices shown to benefit older adults, families, and the LTSS workforce.
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