Mapping quantitative trait loci by genotyping haploid tissues

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19 Scopus citations


Mapping strategies based on a half- or full-sib family design have been developed to map quantitative trait loci (QTL) for outcrossing species. However, these strategies are dependent on controlled crosses where marker- allelic frequency and linkage disequilibrium between the marker and QTL may limit their application. In this article, a maximum-likelihood method is developed to map QTL segregating in an open-pollinated progeny population using dominant markers derived from haploid tissues from single meiotic events. Results from the haploid-based mapping strategy are not influenced by the allelic frequencies of markers and their linkage disequilibria with QTL, because the probabilities of QTL genotypes conditional on marker genotypes of haploid tissues are independent of these population parameters. Parameter estimation and hypothesis testing are implemented via expectation/conditional maximization algorithm. Parameters estimated include the additive effect, the dominant effect, the population mean, the chromosomal location of the QTL in the interval, and the residual variance within the QTL genotypes, plus two population parameters, outcrossing rate and QTL-allelic frequency. Simulation experiments show that the accuracy and power of parameter estimates are affected by the magnitude of QTL effects, heritability levels of a trait, and sample sizes used. The application and limitation of the method are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1741-1752
Number of pages12
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 1 1999

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Genetics


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