Mapping Temporal Dynamics in Social Interactions With Unified Structural Equation Modeling: A Description and Demonstration Revealing Time-Dependent Sex Differences in Play Behavior

Adriene M. Beltz, Charles Beekman, Peter C.M. Molenaar, Kristin A. Buss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Developmental science is rich with observations of social interactions, but few available methodological and statistical approaches take full advantage of the information provided by these data. The authors propose implementation of the unified structural equation model (uSEM), a network analysis technique, for observational data coded repeatedly across time; uSEM captures the temporal dynamics underlying changes in behavior at the individual level by revealing the ways in which a single person influences-concurrently and in the future-other people. To demonstrate the utility of uSEM, the authors applied it to ratings of positive affect and vigor of activity during children's unstructured laboratory play with unfamiliar, same-sex peers. Results revealed the time-dependent nature of sex differences in play behavior. For girls more than boys, positive affect was dependent upon peers' prior positive affect. For boys more than girls, vigor of activity was dependent upon peers' current vigor of activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)152-168
Number of pages17
JournalApplied Developmental Science
Volume17
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Applied Psychology
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

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