Maritime subsistence at a 9300 year old shell midden on santa rosa island, california

Jon M. Erlandson, Torben C. Rick, René L. Vellanoweth, Douglas James Kennett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

A deeply buried shell midden (CA-SRI-6) on Santa Rosa Island, California appears to have been a residential campsite occupied about 9300 years ago. Although few artifacts were recovered from this Early Holocene component, faunal remains suggest a heavy reliance on marine resources, probably supplemented by terrestrial plant foods. Dietary reconstructions suggest that shellfish (especially abalone) provided about 85% of the estimated meat yields, fish about 14%, with birds and sea mammals each contributing less than 1 %. These data suggest that Early Holocene adaptations on the Channel Islands were distinct from the coastal mainland in many ways and that maritime hunter-gatherers had adapted to a variety of Pacific Coast habitats by this early time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)255-265
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Phytoremediation
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999

Fingerprint

Shellfish
midden
marine resources
Mammals
shell (molluscs)
Meats
abalone
Birds
food plants
shellfish
subsistence
Fish
Coastal zones
Rosa
Holocene
meat
mammals
shell
coasts
hunter-gatherer

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Pollution
  • Plant Science

Cite this

Erlandson, Jon M. ; Rick, Torben C. ; Vellanoweth, René L. ; Kennett, Douglas James. / Maritime subsistence at a 9300 year old shell midden on santa rosa island, california. In: International Journal of Phytoremediation. 1999 ; Vol. 21, No. 1. pp. 255-265.
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Maritime subsistence at a 9300 year old shell midden on santa rosa island, california. / Erlandson, Jon M.; Rick, Torben C.; Vellanoweth, René L.; Kennett, Douglas James.

In: International Journal of Phytoremediation, Vol. 21, No. 1, 01.01.1999, p. 255-265.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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