Masculinity, Femininity, and Sex Role Attitudes in Early Adolescence

Exploring Gender Intensification

Nancy L. Galambos, David Almeida, Anne C. Petersen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

214 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This longitudinal study of 200 young adolescent girls and boys (mean age 11.6 years in sixth grade) investigated the hypothesis that differences in masculinity, femininity, and sex role attitudes would intensify across the sixth, seventh, and eighth grades (between 11 and 13 years of age) and that pubertal timing (early, on time, late) would play a role in this intensification. Analyses revealed that sex differences in masculinity and sex role attitudes increased across grades, but not sex differences in femininity. Pubertal timing was not associated with this gender divergence, although the evidence is equivocal for boys. The results provide support for gender intensification, but the role of pubertal timing may not be as strong as previously supposed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1905-1914
Number of pages10
JournalChild development
Volume61
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1990

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Femininity
Masculinity
femininity
masculinity
adolescence
school grade
gender
Sex Characteristics
divergence
longitudinal study
adolescent
evidence
Longitudinal Studies
time

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

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Masculinity, Femininity, and Sex Role Attitudes in Early Adolescence : Exploring Gender Intensification. / Galambos, Nancy L.; Almeida, David; Petersen, Anne C.

In: Child development, Vol. 61, No. 6, 01.01.1990, p. 1905-1914.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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