We report the case of a fetus diagnosed at 24 weeks' gestation with complete heart block associated with maternal collagen vascular disease and Sjögren's antibody. Serial fetal echocardiograms noted increased echogenicity along the tricuspid and mitral valves without insufficiency. Postnatally, severe tricuspid insufficiency occurred following placement of an endocardial pacing lead, and severe mitral insufficiency occurred acutely at 2.5 months of age. Both valves were noted at surgery to have fibrotic and calcific chordae tendineae that had ruptured from their papillary muscles. An inflammatory reaction within the fetal heart related to transplacental passage of Sjögren's antibody was likely responsible.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine