Mathematical modeling of the heat and mass transport during laser processing of silicon

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


The incorporation of phosphorus dopant into the front side of a silicon wafer is important for making high efficiency photovoltaics. These types of photovoltaics require structures known as selective emitters, which are characterized by heavily doped, highly conductive areas directly beneath the metallized contacts and lightly doped regions in between the contacts that enhance light collection at lower wavelengths. Laser doping offers an appealing way to form selective emitters because the incorporation of dopant can be done in the liquid state. A three-dimensional mathematical model, which solves for temperature, dopant, and fluid velocity fields, is used to investigate the role of fluid flow on the final dopant distribution profile during the laser doping process with a continuous-wave laser operating with a 532 nm wavelength. The output power and scanning velocity were varied from 10 to 20 W and 0.5 to 5.0 m/s, respectively. Instantaneous and final dopant profiles under different doping conditions are compared.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationTrends in Welding Research - Proceedings of the 9th International Conference
Number of pages6
StatePublished - Jul 31 2013
Event9th International Conference on Trends in Welding Research - Chicago, IL, United States
Duration: Jun 4 2012Jun 8 2012

Publication series

NameASM Proceedings of the International Conference: Trends in Welding Research


Other9th International Conference on Trends in Welding Research
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityChicago, IL

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering


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