Cancer is a heterogeneous disease, consisting of a spectrum of disorders ranging from local-only disease to those that are widely metastatic from their onset. The oligometastatic state, in which tumors harbor a limited number of metastases, may be curable in a subset of patients. The early success of surgical resection of hepatic metastases from colorectal cancer led to investigations into metastatectomy of other sites and, more recently, into the use of stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR) for oligometastatic disease. This article reviews the data establishing the role of surgery for managing limited metastatic disease. Further, we review recent experiences using alternative local therapies, such as SABR, for oligometastases. This review also discusses ongoing trials evaluating local therapies for patients with a limited burden of metastatic cancer.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cancer Research