This article presents and examines a new algorithm for solving a score equation for the maximum likelihood estimate in certain problems of practical interest. The method circumvents the need to compute second-order derivatives of the full likelihood function. It exploits the structure of certain models that yield a natural decomposition of a very complicated likelihood function. In this decomposition, the first part is a log-likelihood from a simply analyzed model, and the second part is used to update estimates from the first part. Convergence properties of this iterative (fixed-point) algorithm are examined, and asymptotics are derived for estimators obtained using only a finite number of iterations. Illustrative examples considered in the article include multivariate Gaussian copula models, nonnormal random-effects models, generalized linear mixed models, and state-space models. Properties of the algorithm and of estimators are evaluated in simulation studies on a bivariate copula model and a nonnormal linear random-effects model.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Statistics and Probability
- Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty