Measurement and associations of pregnancy risk factors with genetic influences, postnatal environmental influences, and toddler behavior

Kristine Marceau, Nastassia Hajal, Leslie D. Leve, David Reiss, Daniel S. Shaw, Jody M. Ganiban, Linda C. Mayes, Jenae M. Neiderhiser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study demonstrates the unique contributions of perinatal risk and genetic and environmental influences on child behavior using data from 561 domestic US adoption triads (birth mothers, adopted child, and adoptive parents). Findings show distinct patterns of associations among genetic (birth mother psychopathology), prenatal (six maternal reported aggregate scores characterizing total obstetric complications, perinatal internalizing symptoms, pregnancy complications, exposure to toxins, substance use, and neonatal complications), and postnatal influences (adoptive parent 18-month internalizing symptoms and over-reactive parenting) and toddler behavior problems (CBCL subscales at 27 months). Findings highlight multiple pathways for toddler's behavioral development, including genetic, pregnancy, and postnatal main effects. Findings suggest distinct types of pregnancy risk may transmit genetic influences for specific behavior problems rather than broadband problems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)366-375
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Behavioral Development
Volume37
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology
  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Developmental Neuroscience
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

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