Measurement of the residual energy of muons in the Gran Sasso underground laboratories

M. Ambrosio, R. Antolini, A. Baldini, G. C. Barbarino, B. C. Barish, G. Battistoni, Y. Becherini, R. Bellotti, C. Bemporad, P. Bernardini, H. Bilokon, C. Bower, M. Brigida, S. Bussino, F. Cafagna, M. Calicchio, D. Campana, M. Carboni, R. Caruso, S. Cecchini & 88 others F. Cei, V. Chiarella, B. C. Choudhary, Stephane Coutu, M. Cozzi, G. de Cataldo, H. Dekhissi, C. de Marzo, I. de Mitri, J. Derkaoui, M. de Vincenzi, A. di Credico, O. Erriquez, C. Favuzzi, C. Forti, P. Fusco, G. Giacomelli, G. Giannini, N. Giglietto, M. Giorgini, M. Grassi, A. Grillo, F. Guarino, C. Gustavino, A. Habig, K. Hanson, R. Heinz, E. Iarocci, E. Katsavounidis, I. Katsavounidis, E. Kearns, H. Kim, S. Kyriazopoulou, E. Lamanna, C. Lane, D. S. Levin, P. Lipari, N. P. Longley, M. J. Longo, F. Loparco, G. Mancarella, G. Mandrioli, A. Margiotta, A. Marini, D. Martello, A. Marzari-Chiesa, M. N. Mazziotta, D. G. Michael, P. Monacelli, T. Montaruli, M. Monteno, S. Mufson, J. Musser, D. Nicolò, R. Nolty, C. Orth, G. Osteria, O. Palamara, V. Patera, L. Patrizii, R. Pazzi, C. W. Peck, L. Perrone, S. Petrera, P. Pistilli, V. Popa, A. Rainò, J. Reynoldson, F. Ronga, C. Satriano, E. Scapparone, K. Scholberg, A. Sciubba, P. Serra, M. Sioli, G. Sirri, M. Sitta, P. Spinelli, M. Spinetti, M. Spurio, R. Steinberg, J. L. Stone, L. R. Sulak, A. Surdo, G. Tarlè, M. Vakili, C. W. Walter, R. Webb

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The MACRO detector was located in the Hall B of the Gran Sasso underground laboratories under an average rock overburden of 3700 hg/cm2. A transition radiation detector composed of three identical modules, covering a total horizontal area of 36 m2, was installed inside the empty upper part of the detector in order to measure the residual energy of muons. This paper presents the measurement of the residual energy of single and double muons crossing the apparatus. Our data show that double muons are more energetic than single ones. This measurement is performed over a standard rock depth range from 3000 to 6500 hg/cm2.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)313-328
Number of pages16
JournalAstroparticle Physics
Volume19
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2003

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muons
rocks
radiation detectors
detectors
energy
coverings
modules

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

Ambrosio, M., Antolini, R., Baldini, A., Barbarino, G. C., Barish, B. C., Battistoni, G., ... Webb, R. (2003). Measurement of the residual energy of muons in the Gran Sasso underground laboratories. Astroparticle Physics, 19(3), 313-328. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0927-6505(02)00217-7
Ambrosio, M. ; Antolini, R. ; Baldini, A. ; Barbarino, G. C. ; Barish, B. C. ; Battistoni, G. ; Becherini, Y. ; Bellotti, R. ; Bemporad, C. ; Bernardini, P. ; Bilokon, H. ; Bower, C. ; Brigida, M. ; Bussino, S. ; Cafagna, F. ; Calicchio, M. ; Campana, D. ; Carboni, M. ; Caruso, R. ; Cecchini, S. ; Cei, F. ; Chiarella, V. ; Choudhary, B. C. ; Coutu, Stephane ; Cozzi, M. ; de Cataldo, G. ; Dekhissi, H. ; de Marzo, C. ; de Mitri, I. ; Derkaoui, J. ; de Vincenzi, M. ; di Credico, A. ; Erriquez, O. ; Favuzzi, C. ; Forti, C. ; Fusco, P. ; Giacomelli, G. ; Giannini, G. ; Giglietto, N. ; Giorgini, M. ; Grassi, M. ; Grillo, A. ; Guarino, F. ; Gustavino, C. ; Habig, A. ; Hanson, K. ; Heinz, R. ; Iarocci, E. ; Katsavounidis, E. ; Katsavounidis, I. ; Kearns, E. ; Kim, H. ; Kyriazopoulou, S. ; Lamanna, E. ; Lane, C. ; Levin, D. S. ; Lipari, P. ; Longley, N. P. ; Longo, M. J. ; Loparco, F. ; Mancarella, G. ; Mandrioli, G. ; Margiotta, A. ; Marini, A. ; Martello, D. ; Marzari-Chiesa, A. ; Mazziotta, M. N. ; Michael, D. G. ; Monacelli, P. ; Montaruli, T. ; Monteno, M. ; Mufson, S. ; Musser, J. ; Nicolò, D. ; Nolty, R. ; Orth, C. ; Osteria, G. ; Palamara, O. ; Patera, V. ; Patrizii, L. ; Pazzi, R. ; Peck, C. W. ; Perrone, L. ; Petrera, S. ; Pistilli, P. ; Popa, V. ; Rainò, A. ; Reynoldson, J. ; Ronga, F. ; Satriano, C. ; Scapparone, E. ; Scholberg, K. ; Sciubba, A. ; Serra, P. ; Sioli, M. ; Sirri, G. ; Sitta, M. ; Spinelli, P. ; Spinetti, M. ; Spurio, M. ; Steinberg, R. ; Stone, J. L. ; Sulak, L. R. ; Surdo, A. ; Tarlè, G. ; Vakili, M. ; Walter, C. W. ; Webb, R. / Measurement of the residual energy of muons in the Gran Sasso underground laboratories. In: Astroparticle Physics. 2003 ; Vol. 19, No. 3. pp. 313-328.
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abstract = "The MACRO detector was located in the Hall B of the Gran Sasso underground laboratories under an average rock overburden of 3700 hg/cm2. A transition radiation detector composed of three identical modules, covering a total horizontal area of 36 m2, was installed inside the empty upper part of the detector in order to measure the residual energy of muons. This paper presents the measurement of the residual energy of single and double muons crossing the apparatus. Our data show that double muons are more energetic than single ones. This measurement is performed over a standard rock depth range from 3000 to 6500 hg/cm2.",
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Ambrosio, M, Antolini, R, Baldini, A, Barbarino, GC, Barish, BC, Battistoni, G, Becherini, Y, Bellotti, R, Bemporad, C, Bernardini, P, Bilokon, H, Bower, C, Brigida, M, Bussino, S, Cafagna, F, Calicchio, M, Campana, D, Carboni, M, Caruso, R, Cecchini, S, Cei, F, Chiarella, V, Choudhary, BC, Coutu, S, Cozzi, M, de Cataldo, G, Dekhissi, H, de Marzo, C, de Mitri, I, Derkaoui, J, de Vincenzi, M, di Credico, A, Erriquez, O, Favuzzi, C, Forti, C, Fusco, P, Giacomelli, G, Giannini, G, Giglietto, N, Giorgini, M, Grassi, M, Grillo, A, Guarino, F, Gustavino, C, Habig, A, Hanson, K, Heinz, R, Iarocci, E, Katsavounidis, E, Katsavounidis, I, Kearns, E, Kim, H, Kyriazopoulou, S, Lamanna, E, Lane, C, Levin, DS, Lipari, P, Longley, NP, Longo, MJ, Loparco, F, Mancarella, G, Mandrioli, G, Margiotta, A, Marini, A, Martello, D, Marzari-Chiesa, A, Mazziotta, MN, Michael, DG, Monacelli, P, Montaruli, T, Monteno, M, Mufson, S, Musser, J, Nicolò, D, Nolty, R, Orth, C, Osteria, G, Palamara, O, Patera, V, Patrizii, L, Pazzi, R, Peck, CW, Perrone, L, Petrera, S, Pistilli, P, Popa, V, Rainò, A, Reynoldson, J, Ronga, F, Satriano, C, Scapparone, E, Scholberg, K, Sciubba, A, Serra, P, Sioli, M, Sirri, G, Sitta, M, Spinelli, P, Spinetti, M, Spurio, M, Steinberg, R, Stone, JL, Sulak, LR, Surdo, A, Tarlè, G, Vakili, M, Walter, CW & Webb, R 2003, 'Measurement of the residual energy of muons in the Gran Sasso underground laboratories', Astroparticle Physics, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 313-328. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0927-6505(02)00217-7

Measurement of the residual energy of muons in the Gran Sasso underground laboratories. / Ambrosio, M.; Antolini, R.; Baldini, A.; Barbarino, G. C.; Barish, B. C.; Battistoni, G.; Becherini, Y.; Bellotti, R.; Bemporad, C.; Bernardini, P.; Bilokon, H.; Bower, C.; Brigida, M.; Bussino, S.; Cafagna, F.; Calicchio, M.; Campana, D.; Carboni, M.; Caruso, R.; Cecchini, S.; Cei, F.; Chiarella, V.; Choudhary, B. C.; Coutu, Stephane; Cozzi, M.; de Cataldo, G.; Dekhissi, H.; de Marzo, C.; de Mitri, I.; Derkaoui, J.; de Vincenzi, M.; di Credico, A.; Erriquez, O.; Favuzzi, C.; Forti, C.; Fusco, P.; Giacomelli, G.; Giannini, G.; Giglietto, N.; Giorgini, M.; Grassi, M.; Grillo, A.; Guarino, F.; Gustavino, C.; Habig, A.; Hanson, K.; Heinz, R.; Iarocci, E.; Katsavounidis, E.; Katsavounidis, I.; Kearns, E.; Kim, H.; Kyriazopoulou, S.; Lamanna, E.; Lane, C.; Levin, D. S.; Lipari, P.; Longley, N. P.; Longo, M. J.; Loparco, F.; Mancarella, G.; Mandrioli, G.; Margiotta, A.; Marini, A.; Martello, D.; Marzari-Chiesa, A.; Mazziotta, M. N.; Michael, D. G.; Monacelli, P.; Montaruli, T.; Monteno, M.; Mufson, S.; Musser, J.; Nicolò, D.; Nolty, R.; Orth, C.; Osteria, G.; Palamara, O.; Patera, V.; Patrizii, L.; Pazzi, R.; Peck, C. W.; Perrone, L.; Petrera, S.; Pistilli, P.; Popa, V.; Rainò, A.; Reynoldson, J.; Ronga, F.; Satriano, C.; Scapparone, E.; Scholberg, K.; Sciubba, A.; Serra, P.; Sioli, M.; Sirri, G.; Sitta, M.; Spinelli, P.; Spinetti, M.; Spurio, M.; Steinberg, R.; Stone, J. L.; Sulak, L. R.; Surdo, A.; Tarlè, G.; Vakili, M.; Walter, C. W.; Webb, R.

In: Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 19, No. 3, 01.06.2003, p. 313-328.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Measurement of the residual energy of muons in the Gran Sasso underground laboratories

AU - Ambrosio, M.

AU - Antolini, R.

AU - Baldini, A.

AU - Barbarino, G. C.

AU - Barish, B. C.

AU - Battistoni, G.

AU - Becherini, Y.

AU - Bellotti, R.

AU - Bemporad, C.

AU - Bernardini, P.

AU - Bilokon, H.

AU - Bower, C.

AU - Brigida, M.

AU - Bussino, S.

AU - Cafagna, F.

AU - Calicchio, M.

AU - Campana, D.

AU - Carboni, M.

AU - Caruso, R.

AU - Cecchini, S.

AU - Cei, F.

AU - Chiarella, V.

AU - Choudhary, B. C.

AU - Coutu, Stephane

AU - Cozzi, M.

AU - de Cataldo, G.

AU - Dekhissi, H.

AU - de Marzo, C.

AU - de Mitri, I.

AU - Derkaoui, J.

AU - de Vincenzi, M.

AU - di Credico, A.

AU - Erriquez, O.

AU - Favuzzi, C.

AU - Forti, C.

AU - Fusco, P.

AU - Giacomelli, G.

AU - Giannini, G.

AU - Giglietto, N.

AU - Giorgini, M.

AU - Grassi, M.

AU - Grillo, A.

AU - Guarino, F.

AU - Gustavino, C.

AU - Habig, A.

AU - Hanson, K.

AU - Heinz, R.

AU - Iarocci, E.

AU - Katsavounidis, E.

AU - Katsavounidis, I.

AU - Kearns, E.

AU - Kim, H.

AU - Kyriazopoulou, S.

AU - Lamanna, E.

AU - Lane, C.

AU - Levin, D. S.

AU - Lipari, P.

AU - Longley, N. P.

AU - Longo, M. J.

AU - Loparco, F.

AU - Mancarella, G.

AU - Mandrioli, G.

AU - Margiotta, A.

AU - Marini, A.

AU - Martello, D.

AU - Marzari-Chiesa, A.

AU - Mazziotta, M. N.

AU - Michael, D. G.

AU - Monacelli, P.

AU - Montaruli, T.

AU - Monteno, M.

AU - Mufson, S.

AU - Musser, J.

AU - Nicolò, D.

AU - Nolty, R.

AU - Orth, C.

AU - Osteria, G.

AU - Palamara, O.

AU - Patera, V.

AU - Patrizii, L.

AU - Pazzi, R.

AU - Peck, C. W.

AU - Perrone, L.

AU - Petrera, S.

AU - Pistilli, P.

AU - Popa, V.

AU - Rainò, A.

AU - Reynoldson, J.

AU - Ronga, F.

AU - Satriano, C.

AU - Scapparone, E.

AU - Scholberg, K.

AU - Sciubba, A.

AU - Serra, P.

AU - Sioli, M.

AU - Sirri, G.

AU - Sitta, M.

AU - Spinelli, P.

AU - Spinetti, M.

AU - Spurio, M.

AU - Steinberg, R.

AU - Stone, J. L.

AU - Sulak, L. R.

AU - Surdo, A.

AU - Tarlè, G.

AU - Vakili, M.

AU - Walter, C. W.

AU - Webb, R.

PY - 2003/6/1

Y1 - 2003/6/1

N2 - The MACRO detector was located in the Hall B of the Gran Sasso underground laboratories under an average rock overburden of 3700 hg/cm2. A transition radiation detector composed of three identical modules, covering a total horizontal area of 36 m2, was installed inside the empty upper part of the detector in order to measure the residual energy of muons. This paper presents the measurement of the residual energy of single and double muons crossing the apparatus. Our data show that double muons are more energetic than single ones. This measurement is performed over a standard rock depth range from 3000 to 6500 hg/cm2.

AB - The MACRO detector was located in the Hall B of the Gran Sasso underground laboratories under an average rock overburden of 3700 hg/cm2. A transition radiation detector composed of three identical modules, covering a total horizontal area of 36 m2, was installed inside the empty upper part of the detector in order to measure the residual energy of muons. This paper presents the measurement of the residual energy of single and double muons crossing the apparatus. Our data show that double muons are more energetic than single ones. This measurement is performed over a standard rock depth range from 3000 to 6500 hg/cm2.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0344942586&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0344942586&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S0927-6505(02)00217-7

DO - 10.1016/S0927-6505(02)00217-7

M3 - Article

VL - 19

SP - 313

EP - 328

JO - Astroparticle Physics

JF - Astroparticle Physics

SN - 0927-6505

IS - 3

ER -

Ambrosio M, Antolini R, Baldini A, Barbarino GC, Barish BC, Battistoni G et al. Measurement of the residual energy of muons in the Gran Sasso underground laboratories. Astroparticle Physics. 2003 Jun 1;19(3):313-328. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0927-6505(02)00217-7