Measurements of landscape-scale fluxes of carbon dioxide in the Peruvian Amazon by vertical profiling through the atmospheric boundary layer

Laura R. Kuck, Tyrell Smith, Ben B. Balsley, Detlev Helmig, Thomas J. Conway, Pieter P. Tans, Kenneth James Davis, Michael L. Jensen, John A. Bognar, Rosaura Vazquez Arrieta, Rodolfo Rodriquez, John W. Birks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Vertical profiles of carbon dioxide were measured within and above the atmospheric boundary layer at a tropical forest site in the Peruvian Amazon during July 1996 using a tethered balloon sampling platform. Flask samples were collected within and above the mixed layer and analyzed off-site for carbon dioxide by nondispersive infrared spectrophotometry. Ozone and temperature vertical profiles were used to determine the boundary layer heights and growth rates. The mean values for methane, carbon monoxide, hydrogen, carbon-13, and oxygen-18 ratios were determined within and above the mixed layer. Daytime carbon dioxide flux values were calculated using the budget method. Nocturnal fluxes were estimated by integrating the carbon dioxide mixing ratios as a function of height from the ground to the inversion layer and dividing the total accumulated carbon dioxide by the time since sunset. The daytime carbon dioxide flux of -13 ± 2 μmol C m-2 s-1 and the nocturnal flux of +5.0 ± 1.0 μmol C m-2 s-1 are in good agreement with previous studies in the Brazilian Amazon.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2000JD900105
Pages (from-to)22137-22146
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres
Volume105
Issue numberD17
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 16 2000

Fingerprint

atmospheric boundary layer
Atmospheric boundary layer
Carbon Dioxide
carbon dioxide
Carbon dioxide
boundary layer
Fluxes
daytime
vertical profile
mixed layer
tethered balloons
oxygen 18
flasks
Inversion layers
sunset
inversion layer
carbon 13
carbon monoxide
Ozone
Balloons

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Oceanography
  • Forestry
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Palaeontology

Cite this

Kuck, L. R., Smith, T., Balsley, B. B., Helmig, D., Conway, T. J., Tans, P. P., ... Birks, J. W. (2000). Measurements of landscape-scale fluxes of carbon dioxide in the Peruvian Amazon by vertical profiling through the atmospheric boundary layer. Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres, 105(D17), 22137-22146. [2000JD900105]. https://doi.org/10.1029/2000JD900105
Kuck, Laura R. ; Smith, Tyrell ; Balsley, Ben B. ; Helmig, Detlev ; Conway, Thomas J. ; Tans, Pieter P. ; Davis, Kenneth James ; Jensen, Michael L. ; Bognar, John A. ; Arrieta, Rosaura Vazquez ; Rodriquez, Rodolfo ; Birks, John W. / Measurements of landscape-scale fluxes of carbon dioxide in the Peruvian Amazon by vertical profiling through the atmospheric boundary layer. In: Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres. 2000 ; Vol. 105, No. D17. pp. 22137-22146.
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author = "Kuck, {Laura R.} and Tyrell Smith and Balsley, {Ben B.} and Detlev Helmig and Conway, {Thomas J.} and Tans, {Pieter P.} and Davis, {Kenneth James} and Jensen, {Michael L.} and Bognar, {John A.} and Arrieta, {Rosaura Vazquez} and Rodolfo Rodriquez and Birks, {John W.}",
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Kuck, LR, Smith, T, Balsley, BB, Helmig, D, Conway, TJ, Tans, PP, Davis, KJ, Jensen, ML, Bognar, JA, Arrieta, RV, Rodriquez, R & Birks, JW 2000, 'Measurements of landscape-scale fluxes of carbon dioxide in the Peruvian Amazon by vertical profiling through the atmospheric boundary layer', Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres, vol. 105, no. D17, 2000JD900105, pp. 22137-22146. https://doi.org/10.1029/2000JD900105

Measurements of landscape-scale fluxes of carbon dioxide in the Peruvian Amazon by vertical profiling through the atmospheric boundary layer. / Kuck, Laura R.; Smith, Tyrell; Balsley, Ben B.; Helmig, Detlev; Conway, Thomas J.; Tans, Pieter P.; Davis, Kenneth James; Jensen, Michael L.; Bognar, John A.; Arrieta, Rosaura Vazquez; Rodriquez, Rodolfo; Birks, John W.

In: Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres, Vol. 105, No. D17, 2000JD900105, 16.09.2000, p. 22137-22146.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Kuck, Laura R.

AU - Smith, Tyrell

AU - Balsley, Ben B.

AU - Helmig, Detlev

AU - Conway, Thomas J.

AU - Tans, Pieter P.

AU - Davis, Kenneth James

AU - Jensen, Michael L.

AU - Bognar, John A.

AU - Arrieta, Rosaura Vazquez

AU - Rodriquez, Rodolfo

AU - Birks, John W.

PY - 2000/9/16

Y1 - 2000/9/16

N2 - Vertical profiles of carbon dioxide were measured within and above the atmospheric boundary layer at a tropical forest site in the Peruvian Amazon during July 1996 using a tethered balloon sampling platform. Flask samples were collected within and above the mixed layer and analyzed off-site for carbon dioxide by nondispersive infrared spectrophotometry. Ozone and temperature vertical profiles were used to determine the boundary layer heights and growth rates. The mean values for methane, carbon monoxide, hydrogen, carbon-13, and oxygen-18 ratios were determined within and above the mixed layer. Daytime carbon dioxide flux values were calculated using the budget method. Nocturnal fluxes were estimated by integrating the carbon dioxide mixing ratios as a function of height from the ground to the inversion layer and dividing the total accumulated carbon dioxide by the time since sunset. The daytime carbon dioxide flux of -13 ± 2 μmol C m-2 s-1 and the nocturnal flux of +5.0 ± 1.0 μmol C m-2 s-1 are in good agreement with previous studies in the Brazilian Amazon.

AB - Vertical profiles of carbon dioxide were measured within and above the atmospheric boundary layer at a tropical forest site in the Peruvian Amazon during July 1996 using a tethered balloon sampling platform. Flask samples were collected within and above the mixed layer and analyzed off-site for carbon dioxide by nondispersive infrared spectrophotometry. Ozone and temperature vertical profiles were used to determine the boundary layer heights and growth rates. The mean values for methane, carbon monoxide, hydrogen, carbon-13, and oxygen-18 ratios were determined within and above the mixed layer. Daytime carbon dioxide flux values were calculated using the budget method. Nocturnal fluxes were estimated by integrating the carbon dioxide mixing ratios as a function of height from the ground to the inversion layer and dividing the total accumulated carbon dioxide by the time since sunset. The daytime carbon dioxide flux of -13 ± 2 μmol C m-2 s-1 and the nocturnal flux of +5.0 ± 1.0 μmol C m-2 s-1 are in good agreement with previous studies in the Brazilian Amazon.

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