Measurements of shear coaxial injector sprays: Cold flow and hot fire experiments

M. Ferraro, R. J. Kujala, J. L. Thomas, M. J. Glogowski, Michael Matthew Micci

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The propulsion community still does not completely understand the physical makeup of the determining factors for combustion stability of liquid rocket motors. Many experiments conducted with single element coaxial injectors within the past five years simulate the propellants of actual rocket engines with air and water but none operate at conditions close to these engines. Most experiments that simulate the propellants with GN2/LN2 or GH2/LOX are within the operating conditions of actual engines. Experiments over the past year have focused on a hot-fire combustion chamber utilizing GH2/LOX with one full-size SSME preburner element. The injector experienced full scale LOX flow rates and oxidizer/fuel mixture ratios between 2.2 and 5.6. LOX droplet sizes and velocities were measured with an Aerometrics Phase Doppler Particle Analyzer for chamber pressures between 300 and 800 psia. The first ever measurements of LOX droplet sizes above the critical pressure of pure oxygen were obtained. Droplet sizes decreased while droplet velocity increased for increasing gas/liquid velocity ratios while increasing the chamber pressure reduced the droplet size. A pressure modulation system and magnetic flowmeter were implemented on the chamber to analyze the velocity and pressure oscillations within the chamber.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages1-16
Number of pages16
StatePublished - Jan 1 1996
Event32nd Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit, 1996 - Lake Buena Vista, United States
Duration: Jul 1 1996Jul 3 1996

Other

Other32nd Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit, 1996
CountryUnited States
CityLake Buena Vista
Period7/1/967/3/96

Fingerprint

Fires
Rocket engines
Propellants
Experiments
Magnetic flowmeters
Engines
Liquids
Combustion chambers
Propulsion
Flow rate
Modulation
Oxygen
Air
Gases
Water

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering

Cite this

Ferraro, M., Kujala, R. J., Thomas, J. L., Glogowski, M. J., & Micci, M. M. (1996). Measurements of shear coaxial injector sprays: Cold flow and hot fire experiments. 1-16. Paper presented at 32nd Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit, 1996, Lake Buena Vista, United States.
Ferraro, M. ; Kujala, R. J. ; Thomas, J. L. ; Glogowski, M. J. ; Micci, Michael Matthew. / Measurements of shear coaxial injector sprays : Cold flow and hot fire experiments. Paper presented at 32nd Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit, 1996, Lake Buena Vista, United States.16 p.
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Ferraro, M, Kujala, RJ, Thomas, JL, Glogowski, MJ & Micci, MM 1996, 'Measurements of shear coaxial injector sprays: Cold flow and hot fire experiments', Paper presented at 32nd Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit, 1996, Lake Buena Vista, United States, 7/1/96 - 7/3/96 pp. 1-16.

Measurements of shear coaxial injector sprays : Cold flow and hot fire experiments. / Ferraro, M.; Kujala, R. J.; Thomas, J. L.; Glogowski, M. J.; Micci, Michael Matthew.

1996. 1-16 Paper presented at 32nd Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit, 1996, Lake Buena Vista, United States.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

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N2 - The propulsion community still does not completely understand the physical makeup of the determining factors for combustion stability of liquid rocket motors. Many experiments conducted with single element coaxial injectors within the past five years simulate the propellants of actual rocket engines with air and water but none operate at conditions close to these engines. Most experiments that simulate the propellants with GN2/LN2 or GH2/LOX are within the operating conditions of actual engines. Experiments over the past year have focused on a hot-fire combustion chamber utilizing GH2/LOX with one full-size SSME preburner element. The injector experienced full scale LOX flow rates and oxidizer/fuel mixture ratios between 2.2 and 5.6. LOX droplet sizes and velocities were measured with an Aerometrics Phase Doppler Particle Analyzer for chamber pressures between 300 and 800 psia. The first ever measurements of LOX droplet sizes above the critical pressure of pure oxygen were obtained. Droplet sizes decreased while droplet velocity increased for increasing gas/liquid velocity ratios while increasing the chamber pressure reduced the droplet size. A pressure modulation system and magnetic flowmeter were implemented on the chamber to analyze the velocity and pressure oscillations within the chamber.

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Ferraro M, Kujala RJ, Thomas JL, Glogowski MJ, Micci MM. Measurements of shear coaxial injector sprays: Cold flow and hot fire experiments. 1996. Paper presented at 32nd Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit, 1996, Lake Buena Vista, United States.