MEASURING DROUGHT IMPACTS: THE ILLINOIS CASE

Stanley A. Changnon, William E. Easterling

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

ABSTRACT: Drought is an interaction between physical processes and human activities. This study quantified the impacts of precipitation deficiencies on streamflow, reservoirs, and shallow ground water supplies. An in‐depth analysis of newspaper accounts of droughts between paired cities, one in drought and one not in drought, were used to measure the differences in the types of drought impacts, and in the time of onset of impacts as related to developing precipitation deficiencies. Precipitation deficiencies related to the onset and the magnitude of surface water supply adjustments, and to shallow ground water problems, were established. Thus, monitoring and prediction of the onset and magnitude of drought problems can now be done from readily available data on precipitation deficiencies. Newspapers were found to be reliable indicators for the timing of drought impacts and adjustments as precipitation deficiency develops. A review of local and state adjustments during two recent droughts revealed most decision makers lacked information and experience in dealing with drought.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)27-42
Number of pages16
JournalJAWRA Journal of the American Water Resources Association
Volume25
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1989

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Earth-Surface Processes

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