Measuring environmental change in forest ecosystems by repeated soil sampling

A north american perspective

Gregory B. Lawrence, Ivan J. Fernandez, Daniel D. Richter, Donald S. Ross, Paul W. Hazlett, Scott W. Bailey, Rock Ouimet, Richard A.F. Warby, Arthur H. Johnson, Hangsheng Lin, James M. Kaste, Andrew G. Lapenis, Timothy J. Sullivan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Environmental change is monitored in North America through repeated measurements of weather, stream and river flow, air and water quality, and most recently, soil properties. Some skepticism remains, however, about whether repeated soil sampling can effectively distinguish between temporal and spatial variability, and efforts to document soil change in forest ecosystems through repeated measurements are largely nascent and uncoordinated. In eastern North America, repeated soil sampling has begun to provide valuable information on environmental problems such as air pollution. Th is review synthesizes the current state of the science to further the development and use of soil resampling as an integral method for recording and understanding environmental change in forested settings. The origins of soil resampling reach back to the 19th century in England and Russia. The concepts and methodologies involved in forest soil resampling are reviewed and evaluated through a discussion of how temporal and spatial variability can be addressed with a variety of sampling approaches. Key resampling studies demonstrate the type of results that can be obtained through differing approaches. Ongoing, large-scale issues such as recovery from acidifi cation, long-term N deposition, C sequestration, effects of climate change, impacts from invasive species, and the increasing intensifi cation of soil management all warrant the use of soil resampling as an essential tool for environmental monitoring and assessment. Furthermore, with better awareness of the value of soil resampling, studies can be designed with a long-term perspective so that information can be effi ciently obtained well into the future to address problems that have not yet surfaced.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)623-639
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Environmental Quality
Volume42
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2013

Fingerprint

Ecosystems
forest ecosystem
environmental change
Sampling
Soils
sampling
soil
cation
soil management
Positive ions
environmental assessment
measuring
environmental monitoring
river flow
invasive species
carbon sequestration
forest soil
streamflow
soil property
air quality

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Cite this

Lawrence, G. B., Fernandez, I. J., Richter, D. D., Ross, D. S., Hazlett, P. W., Bailey, S. W., ... Sullivan, T. J. (2013). Measuring environmental change in forest ecosystems by repeated soil sampling: A north american perspective. Journal of Environmental Quality, 42(3), 623-639. https://doi.org/10.2134/jeq2012.0378
Lawrence, Gregory B. ; Fernandez, Ivan J. ; Richter, Daniel D. ; Ross, Donald S. ; Hazlett, Paul W. ; Bailey, Scott W. ; Ouimet, Rock ; Warby, Richard A.F. ; Johnson, Arthur H. ; Lin, Hangsheng ; Kaste, James M. ; Lapenis, Andrew G. ; Sullivan, Timothy J. / Measuring environmental change in forest ecosystems by repeated soil sampling : A north american perspective. In: Journal of Environmental Quality. 2013 ; Vol. 42, No. 3. pp. 623-639.
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Lawrence, GB, Fernandez, IJ, Richter, DD, Ross, DS, Hazlett, PW, Bailey, SW, Ouimet, R, Warby, RAF, Johnson, AH, Lin, H, Kaste, JM, Lapenis, AG & Sullivan, TJ 2013, 'Measuring environmental change in forest ecosystems by repeated soil sampling: A north american perspective', Journal of Environmental Quality, vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 623-639. https://doi.org/10.2134/jeq2012.0378

Measuring environmental change in forest ecosystems by repeated soil sampling : A north american perspective. / Lawrence, Gregory B.; Fernandez, Ivan J.; Richter, Daniel D.; Ross, Donald S.; Hazlett, Paul W.; Bailey, Scott W.; Ouimet, Rock; Warby, Richard A.F.; Johnson, Arthur H.; Lin, Hangsheng; Kaste, James M.; Lapenis, Andrew G.; Sullivan, Timothy J.

In: Journal of Environmental Quality, Vol. 42, No. 3, 01.05.2013, p. 623-639.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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T2 - A north american perspective

AU - Lawrence, Gregory B.

AU - Fernandez, Ivan J.

AU - Richter, Daniel D.

AU - Ross, Donald S.

AU - Hazlett, Paul W.

AU - Bailey, Scott W.

AU - Ouimet, Rock

AU - Warby, Richard A.F.

AU - Johnson, Arthur H.

AU - Lin, Hangsheng

AU - Kaste, James M.

AU - Lapenis, Andrew G.

AU - Sullivan, Timothy J.

PY - 2013/5/1

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N2 - Environmental change is monitored in North America through repeated measurements of weather, stream and river flow, air and water quality, and most recently, soil properties. Some skepticism remains, however, about whether repeated soil sampling can effectively distinguish between temporal and spatial variability, and efforts to document soil change in forest ecosystems through repeated measurements are largely nascent and uncoordinated. In eastern North America, repeated soil sampling has begun to provide valuable information on environmental problems such as air pollution. Th is review synthesizes the current state of the science to further the development and use of soil resampling as an integral method for recording and understanding environmental change in forested settings. The origins of soil resampling reach back to the 19th century in England and Russia. The concepts and methodologies involved in forest soil resampling are reviewed and evaluated through a discussion of how temporal and spatial variability can be addressed with a variety of sampling approaches. Key resampling studies demonstrate the type of results that can be obtained through differing approaches. Ongoing, large-scale issues such as recovery from acidifi cation, long-term N deposition, C sequestration, effects of climate change, impacts from invasive species, and the increasing intensifi cation of soil management all warrant the use of soil resampling as an essential tool for environmental monitoring and assessment. Furthermore, with better awareness of the value of soil resampling, studies can be designed with a long-term perspective so that information can be effi ciently obtained well into the future to address problems that have not yet surfaced.

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