Measuring informed decision making about prostate cancer screening in primary care

Amy Leader, Constantine Daskalakis, Clarence H. Braddock, Elisabeth J.S. Kunkel, James R. Cocroft, Sylvia Bereknyei, Jeffrey M. Riggio, Mark Capkin, Ronald E. Myers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


Purpose. To measure the extent of informed decision making (IDM) about prostate cancer screening in physician-patient encounters, describe the coding process, and assess the reliability of the IDM measure. Methods. Audiorecoded encounters of 146 older adult men and their primary care physicians were obtained in a randomized controlled trial of mediated decision support related to prostate cancer screening. Each encounter was dual coded for the presence or absence of 9 elements that reflect several important dimensions of IDM, such as information sharing, patient empowerment, and engaging patients in preference clarification. An IDM-9 score (range = 0-9) was determined for each encounter by summing the number of elements that were coded as present. Estimates of coding reliability and internal consistency were calculated. Results. Male patients tended to be white (59%), married (70%), and between the ages of 50 and 59 (70%). Physicians tended to be white (90%), male (74%), and have more than 10 years of practice experience (74%). IDM-9 scores ranged from 0 to 7.5 (mean [SD], 2.7 [2.1]). Reliability (0.90) and internal consistency (0.81) of the IDM-9 were both high. The IDM dimension observed most frequently was information sharing (74%), whereas the dimension least frequently observed was engagement in preference clarification (3.4%). Conclusions. In physician-patient encounters, the level of IDM concerning prostate cancer screening was low. The use of a dual-coding approach with audiorecorded encounters produced a measure of IDM that was reliable and internally consistent.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)327-336
Number of pages10
JournalMedical Decision Making
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health Policy


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