Measuring potassium in exoplanet atmospheres with the osiris tunable filter

K. D. Colón, H. J. Deeg, Eric B. Ford, S. Redfield, J. J. Fortney, M. Shabram, Suvrath Mahadevan

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

We report observations of the exoplanet host-star HD 80606 using the OSIRIS tunable filter imager. Very-high-precision, narrow-band photometry in four bandpasses around the K I absorption feature was acquired during the January 2010 transit of HD 80606b, with further off-transit observations taken January and April of 2010. We obtained differential photometric precisions of ∼2.08 × 10-4 for the in-transit flux ratio measured at 769.91 nm, which probes the K I line core. The observed changes in the depth of the transit across several wavelengths is equivalent to a ∼4.2% change in the apparent planetary radius with wavelength, which is much larger than the atmospheric scale height. This implies the observations probed the atmosphere at very low pressures as well as a dramatic change in the pressure at which the optical depth reaches unity across the bands observed. We hypothesize that the excess absorption may be due to K I in a high-speed wind being driven from the exoplanet's exosphere and discuss the viability of this and alternative interpretations. We also present similar observations of the exoplanet XO-2b that were acquired recently and which are currently being analysed. Finally, we discuss future prospects for exoplanet characterization using tunable filter spectrophotometry.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-2
Number of pages2
JournalRevista Mexicana de Astronomia y Astrofisica: Serie de Conferencias
Volume42
StatePublished - Jun 3 2013
Event4th Meeting on Science with the Gran Telescopio Canarias - Santa Cruz de La Palma, Spain
Duration: Nov 16 2011Nov 18 2011

Fingerprint

tunable filters
extrasolar planets
transit
potassium
OSIRIS
filter
wavelength
atmospheres
atmosphere
future prospect
spectrophotometry
optical depth
low pressure
viability
wind velocity
probe
exosphere
scale height
wavelengths
optical thickness

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

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title = "Measuring potassium in exoplanet atmospheres with the osiris tunable filter",
abstract = "We report observations of the exoplanet host-star HD 80606 using the OSIRIS tunable filter imager. Very-high-precision, narrow-band photometry in four bandpasses around the K I absorption feature was acquired during the January 2010 transit of HD 80606b, with further off-transit observations taken January and April of 2010. We obtained differential photometric precisions of ∼2.08 × 10-4 for the in-transit flux ratio measured at 769.91 nm, which probes the K I line core. The observed changes in the depth of the transit across several wavelengths is equivalent to a ∼4.2{\%} change in the apparent planetary radius with wavelength, which is much larger than the atmospheric scale height. This implies the observations probed the atmosphere at very low pressures as well as a dramatic change in the pressure at which the optical depth reaches unity across the bands observed. We hypothesize that the excess absorption may be due to K I in a high-speed wind being driven from the exoplanet's exosphere and discuss the viability of this and alternative interpretations. We also present similar observations of the exoplanet XO-2b that were acquired recently and which are currently being analysed. Finally, we discuss future prospects for exoplanet characterization using tunable filter spectrophotometry.",
author = "Col{\'o}n, {K. D.} and Deeg, {H. J.} and Ford, {Eric B.} and S. Redfield and Fortney, {J. J.} and M. Shabram and Suvrath Mahadevan",
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Measuring potassium in exoplanet atmospheres with the osiris tunable filter. / Colón, K. D.; Deeg, H. J.; Ford, Eric B.; Redfield, S.; Fortney, J. J.; Shabram, M.; Mahadevan, Suvrath.

In: Revista Mexicana de Astronomia y Astrofisica: Serie de Conferencias, Vol. 42, 03.06.2013, p. 1-2.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Measuring potassium in exoplanet atmospheres with the osiris tunable filter

AU - Colón, K. D.

AU - Deeg, H. J.

AU - Ford, Eric B.

AU - Redfield, S.

AU - Fortney, J. J.

AU - Shabram, M.

AU - Mahadevan, Suvrath

PY - 2013/6/3

Y1 - 2013/6/3

N2 - We report observations of the exoplanet host-star HD 80606 using the OSIRIS tunable filter imager. Very-high-precision, narrow-band photometry in four bandpasses around the K I absorption feature was acquired during the January 2010 transit of HD 80606b, with further off-transit observations taken January and April of 2010. We obtained differential photometric precisions of ∼2.08 × 10-4 for the in-transit flux ratio measured at 769.91 nm, which probes the K I line core. The observed changes in the depth of the transit across several wavelengths is equivalent to a ∼4.2% change in the apparent planetary radius with wavelength, which is much larger than the atmospheric scale height. This implies the observations probed the atmosphere at very low pressures as well as a dramatic change in the pressure at which the optical depth reaches unity across the bands observed. We hypothesize that the excess absorption may be due to K I in a high-speed wind being driven from the exoplanet's exosphere and discuss the viability of this and alternative interpretations. We also present similar observations of the exoplanet XO-2b that were acquired recently and which are currently being analysed. Finally, we discuss future prospects for exoplanet characterization using tunable filter spectrophotometry.

AB - We report observations of the exoplanet host-star HD 80606 using the OSIRIS tunable filter imager. Very-high-precision, narrow-band photometry in four bandpasses around the K I absorption feature was acquired during the January 2010 transit of HD 80606b, with further off-transit observations taken January and April of 2010. We obtained differential photometric precisions of ∼2.08 × 10-4 for the in-transit flux ratio measured at 769.91 nm, which probes the K I line core. The observed changes in the depth of the transit across several wavelengths is equivalent to a ∼4.2% change in the apparent planetary radius with wavelength, which is much larger than the atmospheric scale height. This implies the observations probed the atmosphere at very low pressures as well as a dramatic change in the pressure at which the optical depth reaches unity across the bands observed. We hypothesize that the excess absorption may be due to K I in a high-speed wind being driven from the exoplanet's exosphere and discuss the viability of this and alternative interpretations. We also present similar observations of the exoplanet XO-2b that were acquired recently and which are currently being analysed. Finally, we discuss future prospects for exoplanet characterization using tunable filter spectrophotometry.

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