Measuring sensitivity to eye gaze cues in naturalistic scenes: Presenting the eye gaze FoCuS database

Gordon Bill, Elisabeth Whyte, Jason W. Griffin, K. Suzanne Scherf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: The ability to process information about eye gaze and its use for nonverbal communication is foundational to human social interactions. We developed and validated a database of stimuli that are optimized to investigate the perception and referential understanding of shifts in eye gaze. Methods: The 245 Gaze Perception stimuli are digital photographs that test the ability to estimate and interpret eye gaze trajectory. The 82 Gaze Following stimuli are digital videos that measure the ability to follow and interpret eye gaze shifts online. Both stimuli were designed for a 4-alternative forced choice paradigm (4AFC) in which the participant identifies the gazed-at object. Results: Each stimulus was validated by independent raters and only included if the endorsement of the correct item was ≥75%. Finally, we provided timestamps for 19 40-second video segments from adolescent-oriented entertainment movies that are matched on several factors. These segments involve social interactions with eye gaze shifts and can be used to measure visual social attention. Conclusions: This database will be an excellent resource for researchers interested in studying the developmental, behavioral, and/or neural mechanisms supporting the perception and interpretation of eye gaze cues.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
Volume29
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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