Measuring the Criminal Mind: The Relationship Between Intelligence and CSS-M Results Among a Sample of Pennsylvania Prison Inmates

Michaela Soyer, Susan Mcneeley, Gary Zajac, Kristofer Bret Bucklen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This article investigates the relationship between IQ scores and criminal thinking as measured by the Criminal Sentiments Scale–Modified (CSS-M). We argue the CSS-M may not capture criminal thinking, but reflects the test-takers’ cognitive ability to interpret the test’s intentions. Based on our analysis of inmates admitted to Pennsylvania prisons in 2013, we find that highly intelligent inmates receive lower scores on the CSS-M, controlling for other measures of risk. In our analysis, the CSS-M’s ability to predict institutional misconduct is greatest for inmates whose IQ scores fall in the middle of the distribution, with a weaker relationship between CSS-M and misconduct found among low- or high-IQ inmates. We propose a need for reevaluation of actuarial assessment tools for cognitively low- or high-functioning inmates. Taking into account the social-environmental factors of the testing situation and being aware of the test-takers’ interpretative processes may be crucial for generating valid results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1444-1461
Number of pages18
JournalCriminal Justice and Behavior
Volume44
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2017

Fingerprint

Prisons
Intelligence
correctional institution
intelligence
Aptitude
cognitive ability
environmental factors
ability
Thinking

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Psychology(all)
  • Law

Cite this

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abstract = "This article investigates the relationship between IQ scores and criminal thinking as measured by the Criminal Sentiments Scale–Modified (CSS-M). We argue the CSS-M may not capture criminal thinking, but reflects the test-takers’ cognitive ability to interpret the test’s intentions. Based on our analysis of inmates admitted to Pennsylvania prisons in 2013, we find that highly intelligent inmates receive lower scores on the CSS-M, controlling for other measures of risk. In our analysis, the CSS-M’s ability to predict institutional misconduct is greatest for inmates whose IQ scores fall in the middle of the distribution, with a weaker relationship between CSS-M and misconduct found among low- or high-IQ inmates. We propose a need for reevaluation of actuarial assessment tools for cognitively low- or high-functioning inmates. Taking into account the social-environmental factors of the testing situation and being aware of the test-takers’ interpretative processes may be crucial for generating valid results.",
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Measuring the Criminal Mind : The Relationship Between Intelligence and CSS-M Results Among a Sample of Pennsylvania Prison Inmates. / Soyer, Michaela; Mcneeley, Susan; Zajac, Gary; Bucklen, Kristofer Bret.

In: Criminal Justice and Behavior, Vol. 44, No. 11, 01.11.2017, p. 1444-1461.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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