Mechanistic features of several processes involved in the idling-turnover reaction catalyzed by the large (Klenow) fragment of Escherichia coli DNA polymerase I have been established. The exonuclease → polymerase activity switch involved in the excision/incorporation mode of idling-turnover occurs without an intervening dissociation of the enzyme from its DNA substrate. Comparative studies on the pyrophosphorolysis kinetics of related DNA substrates indicate a significant dependence of the reaction rate upon the DNA sequence within the duplex region upstream of the primer-template junction. Finally, a gel electrophoretic analysis of the products of the idling-turnover reaction has provided direct evidence for an alternative DNA sequence-dependent misincorporation/excision pathway.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - 1986|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes