Mechanisms for the intraseasonal variability of tropospheric ozone over the Indian Ocean during the winter monsoon

R. B. Chatfield, H. Guan, A. M. Thompson, H. G.J. Smit

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We synthesize daily sonde (vertical) information and daily satellite (horizontal) information to provide an empirical description of ozone origins over the northern Indian Ocean during the INDOEX (Indian Ocean Experiment) field campaign (February-March 1999). This area is shown to be a significant portion of the "high-ozone tropics". East-west O3 features and their flow are identified, and ozone origins are compared to other tropical regions, using water vapor as a second tracer. In the study period, multiple processes contribute to O3 column enhancements, their importance varying strongly by latitude: (1) Low-altitude O3 pollution over the northern Indian Ocean mainly originates from the Indian subcontinent and is traceable to high emission areas. Convective activity south of Sri Lanka helps direct ozone outflow from the northern Indian subcontinent. (2) Middle tropospheric O3 maxima over the northern Indian Ocean originate from various sources, often transitioning within a few hours. Convective venting of Asian pollutants can add 20-30 ppbv to the middle troposphere at 5°N-10°N, alternating with stratospheric influence. (3) A number of cases suggest that strong mixing-in of stratospheric air along the subtropical jet raised tropospheric O3 in early March by ∼40-50 ppbv, especially poleward of ∼10°N. (4) Influences of lightning and large-scale biomass burning were not strong during this period, in contrast to the situation in Africa and the South Atlantic or locally in Southeast Asia. This work illustrates successes and limitations in approaches to synthesizing disparate information on trace-gas distributions taken from satellite retrieval products and ozonesondes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberD10303
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres
Volume112
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - May 27 2007

Fingerprint

monsoons
Indian Ocean
Ozone
ozone
winter
monsoon
Upper atmosphere
tropical regions
tropics
Sri Lanka
Satellites
ozonesondes
Southeast Asia
sondes
lightning
Tropics
venting
ozonesonde
biomass burning
Troposphere

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Forestry
  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology

Cite this

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title = "Mechanisms for the intraseasonal variability of tropospheric ozone over the Indian Ocean during the winter monsoon",
abstract = "We synthesize daily sonde (vertical) information and daily satellite (horizontal) information to provide an empirical description of ozone origins over the northern Indian Ocean during the INDOEX (Indian Ocean Experiment) field campaign (February-March 1999). This area is shown to be a significant portion of the {"}high-ozone tropics{"}. East-west O3 features and their flow are identified, and ozone origins are compared to other tropical regions, using water vapor as a second tracer. In the study period, multiple processes contribute to O3 column enhancements, their importance varying strongly by latitude: (1) Low-altitude O3 pollution over the northern Indian Ocean mainly originates from the Indian subcontinent and is traceable to high emission areas. Convective activity south of Sri Lanka helps direct ozone outflow from the northern Indian subcontinent. (2) Middle tropospheric O3 maxima over the northern Indian Ocean originate from various sources, often transitioning within a few hours. Convective venting of Asian pollutants can add 20-30 ppbv to the middle troposphere at 5°N-10°N, alternating with stratospheric influence. (3) A number of cases suggest that strong mixing-in of stratospheric air along the subtropical jet raised tropospheric O3 in early March by ∼40-50 ppbv, especially poleward of ∼10°N. (4) Influences of lightning and large-scale biomass burning were not strong during this period, in contrast to the situation in Africa and the South Atlantic or locally in Southeast Asia. This work illustrates successes and limitations in approaches to synthesizing disparate information on trace-gas distributions taken from satellite retrieval products and ozonesondes.",
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Mechanisms for the intraseasonal variability of tropospheric ozone over the Indian Ocean during the winter monsoon. / Chatfield, R. B.; Guan, H.; Thompson, A. M.; Smit, H. G.J.

In: Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres, Vol. 112, No. 10, D10303, 27.05.2007.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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