Mechanisms inhibiting the forest development of historic charcoal hearths in southeastern Pennsylvania

C. J. Mikan, Marc David Abrams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Charcoal production associated with the iron industry had a pervasive influence on forests during the 17th and 18th centuries in the mid-Atlantic region of the eastern United States. In a recent study we reported the altered forest composition and soil properties on historic charcoal hearths in southeastern Pennsylvania. In this study, additional experimental results describe potential past and present mechanisms that may inhibit forest development. Nyssa sylvatica Marsh, wood samples taken from the first 15 years of growth on hearth sites contained roughly half the amount of P and Mn and nearly double the amount of K and Na relative to wood produced on nonhearth sites in the same period, consistent with initial pH elevation following hearth abandonment in 1883. In the greenhouse, Quercus alba L. and Quercus rubra L. showed a significant growth depression in hearth soil. When the proportion of charcoal soil varied from 0 to 100%, several growth parameters of Q. rubra declined significantly with increasing charcoal soil content. In situ foliar nutrient concentrations of Vaccinium corymbosum L. and Quercus velutina Lam. were significantly different in P, K, Ca, Mg, Mn, Fe, Na, and Cu on hearth versus nonhearth plots. The present inhibition of hearth regeneration appears to be the result of persistent differences in soil nutrient availability after more than a century.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1893-1898
Number of pages6
JournalCanadian Journal of Forest Research
Volume26
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1996

Fingerprint

charcoal
Quercus rubra
Nyssa sylvatica
Quercus velutina
Mid-Atlantic region
soil
Quercus alba
Vaccinium corymbosum
Eastern United States
nutrient availability
soil nutrient
soil nutrients
marshes
marsh
soil properties
soil property
nutrient content
regeneration
iron
industry

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Forestry
  • Ecology

Cite this

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title = "Mechanisms inhibiting the forest development of historic charcoal hearths in southeastern Pennsylvania",
abstract = "Charcoal production associated with the iron industry had a pervasive influence on forests during the 17th and 18th centuries in the mid-Atlantic region of the eastern United States. In a recent study we reported the altered forest composition and soil properties on historic charcoal hearths in southeastern Pennsylvania. In this study, additional experimental results describe potential past and present mechanisms that may inhibit forest development. Nyssa sylvatica Marsh, wood samples taken from the first 15 years of growth on hearth sites contained roughly half the amount of P and Mn and nearly double the amount of K and Na relative to wood produced on nonhearth sites in the same period, consistent with initial pH elevation following hearth abandonment in 1883. In the greenhouse, Quercus alba L. and Quercus rubra L. showed a significant growth depression in hearth soil. When the proportion of charcoal soil varied from 0 to 100{\%}, several growth parameters of Q. rubra declined significantly with increasing charcoal soil content. In situ foliar nutrient concentrations of Vaccinium corymbosum L. and Quercus velutina Lam. were significantly different in P, K, Ca, Mg, Mn, Fe, Na, and Cu on hearth versus nonhearth plots. The present inhibition of hearth regeneration appears to be the result of persistent differences in soil nutrient availability after more than a century.",
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Mechanisms inhibiting the forest development of historic charcoal hearths in southeastern Pennsylvania. / Mikan, C. J.; Abrams, Marc David.

In: Canadian Journal of Forest Research, Vol. 26, No. 11, 01.01.1996, p. 1893-1898.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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