Mechanisms of immobilization of nuclear waste elements by cement minerals, cement and mortar

S. Komarneni, D. M. Roy

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30 Scopus citations

Abstract

The mechanisms of immobilization of nuclear waste elements such as Cs, Sr, Ba, U, La and Nd (the latter two simulating Am and Cm) by three cement minerals, one cement and one mortar were investigated. Cement minerals did not immobilize Cs or Sr or Ba in the absence of CO2 but immobilized 62 to 91% of the added Cs and all of the added Sr by forming carbonates when CO2 was bubbled through the cement mineral suspensions. The elements La, Nd and U reacted significantly with various cement minerals, cement and mortar and precipitated as hydroxides. For example, C3S{black star} mineral immobilized 92, 73 and 99.2 of the added La, Nd and U respectively. Reaction of cement with U resulted in the formation of basic calcium uranyl silicate hydrate or uranophane under simulated repository conditions. These results suggest that cements serve as not only physical barriers but also act as chemical barriers for the migration of especially U and transuranic elements of nuclear waste.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)789-794
Number of pages6
JournalCement and Concrete Research
Volume11
Issue number5-6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1981

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)

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