Mechanisms of ventilatory inhibition by exogenous dopamine in cats

N. Loos, Philippe Haouzi, F. Marchal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Intravenous injection of dopamine (DA) has consistently been shown to depress minute ventilation (V̇E). Whereas at low dosage (≤10 μg/kg) this effect may be accounted for by inhibition of the carotid sinus nerve chemosensory discharge (CSNCD), other mechanisms appear to be involved with large dosage (≤50 μg/kg). The purpose of this study was to elucidate the mechanisms of DA-induced V̇E depression. The effects of intravenous injection of DA doses ranging from 1 to 200 μg/kg were studied in 18 anesthetized cats. DA was injected during air and O2 breathing, after α- adrenergic blockade by phenoxybenzamine and after baro- and chemodenervation. V̇E and CSNCD were also simultaneously recorded on four occasions. In contrast to that with use of low-dose DA, V̇E depression induced by high- dose DA was dissociated from CSNCD, persisted during 100% O2 breathing, and was significantly correlated with the rise in arterial blood pressure. Although blunted, V̇E depression was still present after complete chemo- and barodenervation but was suppressed by blocking of the concomitant vasoconstriction with phenoxybenzamine. It is concluded that reflexes of circulatory origin contribute to the V̇E depression induced by large-dose DA, in addition to its effects on arterial chemoreceptors. The contribution of baroreceptor stimulation and peripheral vasoconstriction is discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1131-1137
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Applied Physiology
Volume84
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1 1998

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Dopamine
Cats
Ventilation
Carotid Sinus
Depression
Phenoxybenzamine
Nerve Block
Vasoconstriction
Intravenous Injections
Respiration
Pressoreceptors
Inhibition (Psychology)
Adrenergic Agents
Reflex
Arterial Pressure
Air

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

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abstract = "Intravenous injection of dopamine (DA) has consistently been shown to depress minute ventilation (V̇E). Whereas at low dosage (≤10 μg/kg) this effect may be accounted for by inhibition of the carotid sinus nerve chemosensory discharge (CSNCD), other mechanisms appear to be involved with large dosage (≤50 μg/kg). The purpose of this study was to elucidate the mechanisms of DA-induced V̇E depression. The effects of intravenous injection of DA doses ranging from 1 to 200 μg/kg were studied in 18 anesthetized cats. DA was injected during air and O2 breathing, after α- adrenergic blockade by phenoxybenzamine and after baro- and chemodenervation. V̇E and CSNCD were also simultaneously recorded on four occasions. In contrast to that with use of low-dose DA, V̇E depression induced by high- dose DA was dissociated from CSNCD, persisted during 100{\%} O2 breathing, and was significantly correlated with the rise in arterial blood pressure. Although blunted, V̇E depression was still present after complete chemo- and barodenervation but was suppressed by blocking of the concomitant vasoconstriction with phenoxybenzamine. It is concluded that reflexes of circulatory origin contribute to the V̇E depression induced by large-dose DA, in addition to its effects on arterial chemoreceptors. The contribution of baroreceptor stimulation and peripheral vasoconstriction is discussed.",
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Mechanisms of ventilatory inhibition by exogenous dopamine in cats. / Loos, N.; Haouzi, Philippe; Marchal, F.

In: Journal of Applied Physiology, Vol. 84, No. 4, 01.04.1998, p. 1131-1137.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Loos, N.

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