Mechanochemical Synthesis of Carbon Nanothread Single Crystals

Xiang Li, Maria Baldini, Tao Wang, Bo Chen, En Shi Xu, Brian Vermilyea, Vincent Henry Crespi, Roald Hoffmann, Jamie J. Molaison, Christopher A. Tulk, Malcolm Guthrie, Stanislav Sinogeikin, John V. Badding

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Synthesis of well-ordered reduced dimensional carbon solids with extended bonding remains a challenge. For example, few single-crystal organic monomers react under topochemical control to produce single-crystal extended solids. We report a mechanochemical synthesis in which slow compression at room temperature under uniaxial stress can convert polycrystalline or single-crystal benzene monomer into single-crystalline packings of carbon nanothreads, a one-dimensional sp3 carbon nanomaterial. The long-range order over hundreds of microns of these crystals allows them to readily exfoliate into fibers. The mechanochemical reaction produces macroscopic single crystals despite large dimensional changes caused by the formation of multiple strong, covalent C-C bonds to each monomer and a lack of reactant single-crystal order. Therefore, it appears not to follow a topochemical pathway, but rather one guided by uniaxial stress, to which the nanothreads consistently align. Slow-compression room-temperature synthesis may allow diverse molecular monomers to form single-crystalline packings of polymers, threads, and higher dimensional carbon networks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)16343-16349
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume139
Issue number45
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 15 2017

Fingerprint

Carbon
Single crystals
Monomers
Temperature
Nanostructures
Crystalline materials
Benzene
Polymers
Nanostructured materials
Crystals
Fibers

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

Cite this

Li, Xiang ; Baldini, Maria ; Wang, Tao ; Chen, Bo ; Xu, En Shi ; Vermilyea, Brian ; Crespi, Vincent Henry ; Hoffmann, Roald ; Molaison, Jamie J. ; Tulk, Christopher A. ; Guthrie, Malcolm ; Sinogeikin, Stanislav ; Badding, John V. / Mechanochemical Synthesis of Carbon Nanothread Single Crystals. In: Journal of the American Chemical Society. 2017 ; Vol. 139, No. 45. pp. 16343-16349.
@article{fd516e1ed0b843e2987bc1fc68e56ec7,
title = "Mechanochemical Synthesis of Carbon Nanothread Single Crystals",
abstract = "Synthesis of well-ordered reduced dimensional carbon solids with extended bonding remains a challenge. For example, few single-crystal organic monomers react under topochemical control to produce single-crystal extended solids. We report a mechanochemical synthesis in which slow compression at room temperature under uniaxial stress can convert polycrystalline or single-crystal benzene monomer into single-crystalline packings of carbon nanothreads, a one-dimensional sp3 carbon nanomaterial. The long-range order over hundreds of microns of these crystals allows them to readily exfoliate into fibers. The mechanochemical reaction produces macroscopic single crystals despite large dimensional changes caused by the formation of multiple strong, covalent C-C bonds to each monomer and a lack of reactant single-crystal order. Therefore, it appears not to follow a topochemical pathway, but rather one guided by uniaxial stress, to which the nanothreads consistently align. Slow-compression room-temperature synthesis may allow diverse molecular monomers to form single-crystalline packings of polymers, threads, and higher dimensional carbon networks.",
author = "Xiang Li and Maria Baldini and Tao Wang and Bo Chen and Xu, {En Shi} and Brian Vermilyea and Crespi, {Vincent Henry} and Roald Hoffmann and Molaison, {Jamie J.} and Tulk, {Christopher A.} and Malcolm Guthrie and Stanislav Sinogeikin and Badding, {John V.}",
year = "2017",
month = "11",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1021/jacs.7b09311",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "139",
pages = "16343--16349",
journal = "Journal of the American Chemical Society",
issn = "0002-7863",
publisher = "American Chemical Society",
number = "45",

}

Li, X, Baldini, M, Wang, T, Chen, B, Xu, ES, Vermilyea, B, Crespi, VH, Hoffmann, R, Molaison, JJ, Tulk, CA, Guthrie, M, Sinogeikin, S & Badding, JV 2017, 'Mechanochemical Synthesis of Carbon Nanothread Single Crystals', Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 139, no. 45, pp. 16343-16349. https://doi.org/10.1021/jacs.7b09311

Mechanochemical Synthesis of Carbon Nanothread Single Crystals. / Li, Xiang; Baldini, Maria; Wang, Tao; Chen, Bo; Xu, En Shi; Vermilyea, Brian; Crespi, Vincent Henry; Hoffmann, Roald; Molaison, Jamie J.; Tulk, Christopher A.; Guthrie, Malcolm; Sinogeikin, Stanislav; Badding, John V.

In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 139, No. 45, 15.11.2017, p. 16343-16349.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Mechanochemical Synthesis of Carbon Nanothread Single Crystals

AU - Li, Xiang

AU - Baldini, Maria

AU - Wang, Tao

AU - Chen, Bo

AU - Xu, En Shi

AU - Vermilyea, Brian

AU - Crespi, Vincent Henry

AU - Hoffmann, Roald

AU - Molaison, Jamie J.

AU - Tulk, Christopher A.

AU - Guthrie, Malcolm

AU - Sinogeikin, Stanislav

AU - Badding, John V.

PY - 2017/11/15

Y1 - 2017/11/15

N2 - Synthesis of well-ordered reduced dimensional carbon solids with extended bonding remains a challenge. For example, few single-crystal organic monomers react under topochemical control to produce single-crystal extended solids. We report a mechanochemical synthesis in which slow compression at room temperature under uniaxial stress can convert polycrystalline or single-crystal benzene monomer into single-crystalline packings of carbon nanothreads, a one-dimensional sp3 carbon nanomaterial. The long-range order over hundreds of microns of these crystals allows them to readily exfoliate into fibers. The mechanochemical reaction produces macroscopic single crystals despite large dimensional changes caused by the formation of multiple strong, covalent C-C bonds to each monomer and a lack of reactant single-crystal order. Therefore, it appears not to follow a topochemical pathway, but rather one guided by uniaxial stress, to which the nanothreads consistently align. Slow-compression room-temperature synthesis may allow diverse molecular monomers to form single-crystalline packings of polymers, threads, and higher dimensional carbon networks.

AB - Synthesis of well-ordered reduced dimensional carbon solids with extended bonding remains a challenge. For example, few single-crystal organic monomers react under topochemical control to produce single-crystal extended solids. We report a mechanochemical synthesis in which slow compression at room temperature under uniaxial stress can convert polycrystalline or single-crystal benzene monomer into single-crystalline packings of carbon nanothreads, a one-dimensional sp3 carbon nanomaterial. The long-range order over hundreds of microns of these crystals allows them to readily exfoliate into fibers. The mechanochemical reaction produces macroscopic single crystals despite large dimensional changes caused by the formation of multiple strong, covalent C-C bonds to each monomer and a lack of reactant single-crystal order. Therefore, it appears not to follow a topochemical pathway, but rather one guided by uniaxial stress, to which the nanothreads consistently align. Slow-compression room-temperature synthesis may allow diverse molecular monomers to form single-crystalline packings of polymers, threads, and higher dimensional carbon networks.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85034246414&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85034246414&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1021/jacs.7b09311

DO - 10.1021/jacs.7b09311

M3 - Article

VL - 139

SP - 16343

EP - 16349

JO - Journal of the American Chemical Society

JF - Journal of the American Chemical Society

SN - 0002-7863

IS - 45

ER -