We report a rare case of mediastinal mass caused by Aspergillus fumigatus in a lung transplant recipient. The patient presented 9 months after bilateral lung transplantation for cystic fibrosis with intermittent fevers and new onset atrial fibrillation/flutter caused by a 7-cm mediastinal mass invading the left atrium. The mass was resected, and a prolonged course of voriconazole and caspofungin was given, which resulted in a complete clinical response. Despite long-term suppressive therapy with voriconazole, a relapse occurred 16 months after the initial diagnosis. This case highlights the challenges in the prevention and treatment of invasive aspergillosis in lung transplant recipients.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine