Medical adrenalectomy using aminoglutethimide and dexamethasone in advanced breast cancer

Allan Lipton, Richard J. Santen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

101 Scopus citations

Abstract

Twelve women with advanced breast carcinoma were given aminoglutethimide (up to 2 gm q.d. p.o.), in addition to dexamethasone (1.0–3.0 mg daily) and Florinef (0.1 mg b.i.w.) in order to produce a medical adrenalectomy. Adequacy of adrenal blockade was assessed by measuring A.M. plasma and 24‐hour urinary free cortisol by specific competitive protein binding techniques. Seven of 9 patients who had received an adequate trial had constant suppression of adrenal cortical function for at least a period of 8 weeks. Escape from blockade, when observed, was attributed to the rapid metabolism of dexamethasone induced by aminoglutethimide, demonstrated by determining the half‐life of 3H‐dexamethasone before and during treatment. Three patients with soft tissue involvement demonstrated a 1‐A response (12+, 5+ 6 months). Three patients with bone involvement showed a 0‐A response (7, 5, and 4 months). Lethargy and allergy to aminoglutethimide prevented an adequate trial in two patients. A third patient who was adequately suppressed for 7 weeks died before the 8‐week trial period. Minor side effects attributable to aminoglutethimide (nystagmus, ataxia, lethargy, skin rash) were seen frequently but abated with reduction in dosage. No Cushingoid side effects related to dexamethasone administration were noted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)503-512
Number of pages10
JournalCancer
Volume33
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1974

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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