Medical School Surgical Boot Camps: A Systematic Review

Christopher J. Neylan, Elizabeth F. Nelson, Kristoffel R. Dumon, Jon B. Morris, Noel N. Williams, Daniel T. Dempsey, Rachel R. Kelz, Carla S. Fisher, Steven Allen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose Many medical schools have begun to offer surgical boot camps to senior medical students. The aim of the present study is to systematically review the literature and evidence surrounding medical school surgical boot camps to direct future research into the effectiveness of boot camps. Methods A systematic review was conducted, searching MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, and ERIC. The review was conducted according to the PICOTS structure, with an intervention of a surgical boot camp for senior medical students entering surgical residencies. Results The search resulted in 5351 database hits, from which we identified 10 published studies that met the inclusion criteria. Two reviews were identified that met the PICOTS criteria but were excluded from data synthesis. Boot camps increase the confidence and competence of medical students entering their surgical internships. There is no objective assessment of the effect of boot camps on the clinical performance of interns. Conclusions Despite the success of medical school surgical boot camps, no objective data exist to show that boot camps translate into improved performance during internship.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)384-389
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Surgical Education
Volume74
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2017

Fingerprint

Internship and Residency
Medical Schools
Medical Students
medical student
internship
school
MEDLINE
Mental Competency
performance
confidence
inclusion
Databases
evidence

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Education

Cite this

Neylan, C. J., Nelson, E. F., Dumon, K. R., Morris, J. B., Williams, N. N., Dempsey, D. T., ... Allen, S. (2017). Medical School Surgical Boot Camps: A Systematic Review. Journal of Surgical Education, 74(3), 384-389. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsurg.2016.10.014
Neylan, Christopher J. ; Nelson, Elizabeth F. ; Dumon, Kristoffel R. ; Morris, Jon B. ; Williams, Noel N. ; Dempsey, Daniel T. ; Kelz, Rachel R. ; Fisher, Carla S. ; Allen, Steven. / Medical School Surgical Boot Camps : A Systematic Review. In: Journal of Surgical Education. 2017 ; Vol. 74, No. 3. pp. 384-389.
@article{309b7da51ce84c7fbc722d6ccd414634,
title = "Medical School Surgical Boot Camps: A Systematic Review",
abstract = "Purpose Many medical schools have begun to offer surgical boot camps to senior medical students. The aim of the present study is to systematically review the literature and evidence surrounding medical school surgical boot camps to direct future research into the effectiveness of boot camps. Methods A systematic review was conducted, searching MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, and ERIC. The review was conducted according to the PICOTS structure, with an intervention of a surgical boot camp for senior medical students entering surgical residencies. Results The search resulted in 5351 database hits, from which we identified 10 published studies that met the inclusion criteria. Two reviews were identified that met the PICOTS criteria but were excluded from data synthesis. Boot camps increase the confidence and competence of medical students entering their surgical internships. There is no objective assessment of the effect of boot camps on the clinical performance of interns. Conclusions Despite the success of medical school surgical boot camps, no objective data exist to show that boot camps translate into improved performance during internship.",
author = "Neylan, {Christopher J.} and Nelson, {Elizabeth F.} and Dumon, {Kristoffel R.} and Morris, {Jon B.} and Williams, {Noel N.} and Dempsey, {Daniel T.} and Kelz, {Rachel R.} and Fisher, {Carla S.} and Steven Allen",
year = "2017",
month = "5",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.jsurg.2016.10.014",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "74",
pages = "384--389",
journal = "Journal of Surgical Education",
issn = "1931-7204",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",
number = "3",

}

Neylan, CJ, Nelson, EF, Dumon, KR, Morris, JB, Williams, NN, Dempsey, DT, Kelz, RR, Fisher, CS & Allen, S 2017, 'Medical School Surgical Boot Camps: A Systematic Review', Journal of Surgical Education, vol. 74, no. 3, pp. 384-389. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsurg.2016.10.014

Medical School Surgical Boot Camps : A Systematic Review. / Neylan, Christopher J.; Nelson, Elizabeth F.; Dumon, Kristoffel R.; Morris, Jon B.; Williams, Noel N.; Dempsey, Daniel T.; Kelz, Rachel R.; Fisher, Carla S.; Allen, Steven.

In: Journal of Surgical Education, Vol. 74, No. 3, 01.05.2017, p. 384-389.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Medical School Surgical Boot Camps

T2 - A Systematic Review

AU - Neylan, Christopher J.

AU - Nelson, Elizabeth F.

AU - Dumon, Kristoffel R.

AU - Morris, Jon B.

AU - Williams, Noel N.

AU - Dempsey, Daniel T.

AU - Kelz, Rachel R.

AU - Fisher, Carla S.

AU - Allen, Steven

PY - 2017/5/1

Y1 - 2017/5/1

N2 - Purpose Many medical schools have begun to offer surgical boot camps to senior medical students. The aim of the present study is to systematically review the literature and evidence surrounding medical school surgical boot camps to direct future research into the effectiveness of boot camps. Methods A systematic review was conducted, searching MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, and ERIC. The review was conducted according to the PICOTS structure, with an intervention of a surgical boot camp for senior medical students entering surgical residencies. Results The search resulted in 5351 database hits, from which we identified 10 published studies that met the inclusion criteria. Two reviews were identified that met the PICOTS criteria but were excluded from data synthesis. Boot camps increase the confidence and competence of medical students entering their surgical internships. There is no objective assessment of the effect of boot camps on the clinical performance of interns. Conclusions Despite the success of medical school surgical boot camps, no objective data exist to show that boot camps translate into improved performance during internship.

AB - Purpose Many medical schools have begun to offer surgical boot camps to senior medical students. The aim of the present study is to systematically review the literature and evidence surrounding medical school surgical boot camps to direct future research into the effectiveness of boot camps. Methods A systematic review was conducted, searching MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, and ERIC. The review was conducted according to the PICOTS structure, with an intervention of a surgical boot camp for senior medical students entering surgical residencies. Results The search resulted in 5351 database hits, from which we identified 10 published studies that met the inclusion criteria. Two reviews were identified that met the PICOTS criteria but were excluded from data synthesis. Boot camps increase the confidence and competence of medical students entering their surgical internships. There is no objective assessment of the effect of boot camps on the clinical performance of interns. Conclusions Despite the success of medical school surgical boot camps, no objective data exist to show that boot camps translate into improved performance during internship.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85007605382&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85007605382&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jsurg.2016.10.014

DO - 10.1016/j.jsurg.2016.10.014

M3 - Article

C2 - 27939818

AN - SCOPUS:85007605382

VL - 74

SP - 384

EP - 389

JO - Journal of Surgical Education

JF - Journal of Surgical Education

SN - 1931-7204

IS - 3

ER -

Neylan CJ, Nelson EF, Dumon KR, Morris JB, Williams NN, Dempsey DT et al. Medical School Surgical Boot Camps: A Systematic Review. Journal of Surgical Education. 2017 May 1;74(3):384-389. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsurg.2016.10.014