Mediterranean Dietary Patterns and Cardiovascular Health

Jia Shen, Kobina A. Wilmot, Nima Ghasemzadeh, Daniel L. Molloy, Gregory Burkman, Girum Mekonnen, Maria C. Gongora, Arshed A. Quyyumi, Laurence S. Sperling

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

68 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Mediterranean dietary pattern has been linked with reduced cardiovascular disease incidence and mortality. Components of the Mediterranean diet associated with better cardiovascular health include low consumption of meat and meat products, moderate consumption of ethanol (mostly from wine), and high consumption of vegetables, fruits, nuts, legumes, fish, and olive oil. Increasing evidence indicates that the synergy among these components results in beneficial changes in intermediate pathways of cardiometabolic risk, such as lipids, insulin sensitivity, oxidative stress, inflammation, and vasoreactivity. As a result, consumption of a Mediterranean dietary pattern favorably affects numerous cardiovascular disease risk factors, such as dyslipidemia, hypertension, metabolic syndrome, and diabetes. Moreover, strong evidence links this dietary pattern with reduced cardiovascular disease incidence, reoccurrence, and mortality. This review evaluates the current evidence behind the cardioprotective effects of a Mediterranean dietary pattern.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)425-449
Number of pages25
JournalAnnual Review of Nutrition
Volume35
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 17 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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