Menstrual differences due to vegetarian and nonvegetarian diets

A. B. Pedersen, M. J. Bartholomew, L. A. Dolence, L. P. Aljadir, K. L. Netteburg, T. Lloyd

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

50 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We studied 41 nonvegetarian and 34 vegetarian premenopausal women whom we closely screened. The two groups were indistinguishable with respect to height, weight, body mass index, and menarche. The incidence of menstrual irregularity was 4.9% among nonvegetarians and 26.5% among vegetarians (P = 0.009). The vegetarian group consumed significantly greater amounts of polyunsaturated fatty acids, carbohydrates, vitamin B-6, and dietary fiber whereas the nonvegetarians reported greater intakes of saturated fatty acids, protein, cholesterol, caffeine, and alcohol. Logistic-regression analyses showed that the probability of menstrual regularity among all study subjects (n = 75) was positively associated with increasing protein/kJ and increasing cholesterol/kJ intakes. The probability of being menstrually regular was negatively associated with increasing dietary fiber/kJ and increasing magnesium/kJ intakes. These results are consistent with the notion that menstrual regularity can be influenced by specific dietary nutrients that may have direct effects or exert their effects by modulating circulating sex steroid status.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)879-885
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volume53
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1991

Fingerprint

Vegetarian Diet
Dietary Fiber
Cholesterol
Menarche
Vitamin B 6
Caffeine
Unsaturated Fatty Acids
Magnesium
Proteins
Body Mass Index
Fatty Acids
Logistic Models
Steroids
Regression Analysis
Alcohols
Carbohydrates
Weights and Measures
Food
Incidence
Vegetarians

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Pedersen, A. B., Bartholomew, M. J., Dolence, L. A., Aljadir, L. P., Netteburg, K. L., & Lloyd, T. (1991). Menstrual differences due to vegetarian and nonvegetarian diets. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 53(4), 879-885. https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/53.4.879
Pedersen, A. B. ; Bartholomew, M. J. ; Dolence, L. A. ; Aljadir, L. P. ; Netteburg, K. L. ; Lloyd, T. / Menstrual differences due to vegetarian and nonvegetarian diets. In: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 1991 ; Vol. 53, No. 4. pp. 879-885.
@article{33a2e9b925bd4f01b44f58c9afe3bb1b,
title = "Menstrual differences due to vegetarian and nonvegetarian diets",
abstract = "We studied 41 nonvegetarian and 34 vegetarian premenopausal women whom we closely screened. The two groups were indistinguishable with respect to height, weight, body mass index, and menarche. The incidence of menstrual irregularity was 4.9{\%} among nonvegetarians and 26.5{\%} among vegetarians (P = 0.009). The vegetarian group consumed significantly greater amounts of polyunsaturated fatty acids, carbohydrates, vitamin B-6, and dietary fiber whereas the nonvegetarians reported greater intakes of saturated fatty acids, protein, cholesterol, caffeine, and alcohol. Logistic-regression analyses showed that the probability of menstrual regularity among all study subjects (n = 75) was positively associated with increasing protein/kJ and increasing cholesterol/kJ intakes. The probability of being menstrually regular was negatively associated with increasing dietary fiber/kJ and increasing magnesium/kJ intakes. These results are consistent with the notion that menstrual regularity can be influenced by specific dietary nutrients that may have direct effects or exert their effects by modulating circulating sex steroid status.",
author = "Pedersen, {A. B.} and Bartholomew, {M. J.} and Dolence, {L. A.} and Aljadir, {L. P.} and Netteburg, {K. L.} and T. Lloyd",
year = "1991",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1093/ajcn/53.4.879",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "53",
pages = "879--885",
journal = "American Journal of Clinical Nutrition",
issn = "0002-9165",
publisher = "American Society for Nutrition",
number = "4",

}

Pedersen, AB, Bartholomew, MJ, Dolence, LA, Aljadir, LP, Netteburg, KL & Lloyd, T 1991, 'Menstrual differences due to vegetarian and nonvegetarian diets', American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 53, no. 4, pp. 879-885. https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/53.4.879

Menstrual differences due to vegetarian and nonvegetarian diets. / Pedersen, A. B.; Bartholomew, M. J.; Dolence, L. A.; Aljadir, L. P.; Netteburg, K. L.; Lloyd, T.

In: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 53, No. 4, 01.01.1991, p. 879-885.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Menstrual differences due to vegetarian and nonvegetarian diets

AU - Pedersen, A. B.

AU - Bartholomew, M. J.

AU - Dolence, L. A.

AU - Aljadir, L. P.

AU - Netteburg, K. L.

AU - Lloyd, T.

PY - 1991/1/1

Y1 - 1991/1/1

N2 - We studied 41 nonvegetarian and 34 vegetarian premenopausal women whom we closely screened. The two groups were indistinguishable with respect to height, weight, body mass index, and menarche. The incidence of menstrual irregularity was 4.9% among nonvegetarians and 26.5% among vegetarians (P = 0.009). The vegetarian group consumed significantly greater amounts of polyunsaturated fatty acids, carbohydrates, vitamin B-6, and dietary fiber whereas the nonvegetarians reported greater intakes of saturated fatty acids, protein, cholesterol, caffeine, and alcohol. Logistic-regression analyses showed that the probability of menstrual regularity among all study subjects (n = 75) was positively associated with increasing protein/kJ and increasing cholesterol/kJ intakes. The probability of being menstrually regular was negatively associated with increasing dietary fiber/kJ and increasing magnesium/kJ intakes. These results are consistent with the notion that menstrual regularity can be influenced by specific dietary nutrients that may have direct effects or exert their effects by modulating circulating sex steroid status.

AB - We studied 41 nonvegetarian and 34 vegetarian premenopausal women whom we closely screened. The two groups were indistinguishable with respect to height, weight, body mass index, and menarche. The incidence of menstrual irregularity was 4.9% among nonvegetarians and 26.5% among vegetarians (P = 0.009). The vegetarian group consumed significantly greater amounts of polyunsaturated fatty acids, carbohydrates, vitamin B-6, and dietary fiber whereas the nonvegetarians reported greater intakes of saturated fatty acids, protein, cholesterol, caffeine, and alcohol. Logistic-regression analyses showed that the probability of menstrual regularity among all study subjects (n = 75) was positively associated with increasing protein/kJ and increasing cholesterol/kJ intakes. The probability of being menstrually regular was negatively associated with increasing dietary fiber/kJ and increasing magnesium/kJ intakes. These results are consistent with the notion that menstrual regularity can be influenced by specific dietary nutrients that may have direct effects or exert their effects by modulating circulating sex steroid status.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0025884546&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0025884546&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1093/ajcn/53.4.879

DO - 10.1093/ajcn/53.4.879

M3 - Article

C2 - 2008867

AN - SCOPUS:0025884546

VL - 53

SP - 879

EP - 885

JO - American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

JF - American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

SN - 0002-9165

IS - 4

ER -