Mental distress and physical symptoms in the slums of New Delhi: The role of individual, household, and neighborhood factors

Richard Barry Ruback, Janak Pandey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Same-gender researchers interviewed 218 male and 198 female residents of 7 slums in New Delhi, India, which varied in terms of both household-level variables (e.g., number of people and number of rooms per house) and neighborhood-level variables (e.g., number of families sharing a water source). Consistent with prior research, women rated household stressors more negatively than did men. In contrast, men rated environmental stressors (traffic, garbage, air pollution, and crime) more negatively than did women. Individual-level factors (age and psychological variables) significantly predicted both mental distress and physical symptoms. However, multivariate analyses revealed significant householdand neighborhood-level effects on mental distress, but not physical symptoms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2296-2320
Number of pages25
JournalJournal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume32
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2002

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology

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