MEP1A allele for meprin A metalloprotease is a susceptibility gene for inflammatory bowel disease

S. Banerjee, B. Oneda, L. M. Yap, D. P. Jewell, G. L. Matters, L. R. Fitzpatrick, F. Seibold, E. E. Sterchi, T. Ahmad, D. Lottaz, J. S. Bond

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Scopus citations

Abstract

The MEP1A gene, located on human chromosome 6p (mouse chromosome 17) in a susceptibility region for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), encodes the α-subunit of metalloproteinase meprin A, which is expressed in the intestinal epithelium. This study shows a genetic association of MEP1A with IBD in a cohort of ulcerative colitis (UC) patients. There were four single-nucleotide polymorphisms in the coding region (P = 0.0012-0.04), and one in the 3′-untranslated region (P = 2 × 10-7) that displayed associations with UC. Moreover, meprin-α mRNA was decreased in inflamed mucosa of IBD patients. Meprin-α knockout mice exhibited a more severe intestinal injury and inflammation than their wild-type counterparts following oral administration of dextran sulfate sodium. Collectively, the data implicate MEP1A as a UC susceptibility gene and indicate that decreased meprin-α expression is associated with intestinal inflammation in IBD patients and in a mouse experimental model of IBD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)220-231
Number of pages12
JournalMucosal Immunology
Volume2
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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