Acute kidney injury (AKI) is commonly associated with aortic valve replacement. Surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) is a known risk factor for AKI but little is known about the short- and long-term effects of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). The purpose of our analysis is to identify the short- and long-term effect of TAVI on renal outcomes. We searched Medline and PUBMED from January 1, 2000 to November 6, 2017 for randomized control trials (RCTs) comparing TAVI to SAVR in patients with severe aortic stenosis. Three hundred sixty-nine trials were identified, 6 RCTs were included in our analysis. RevMan version 5.3 was used for statistical analysis. Heterogeneity is calculated using I2 statistics. Primary outcomes were AKI within 30 days and 1 year of TAVI, and requirement for renal replacement therapy. We included 5,536 patients (2,796 in TAVI and 2,740 in SAVR arm) from 6 RCTs. Baseline characteristics were similar. There was reduced incidence of AKI at 30 days of TAVI compared with SAVR, 57 versus 133 (odds ratio [OR] 0.40, confidence interval [CI] 0.28 to 0.56, p <0.00001, I2 = 7%) with no difference at 1 year (OR 0.65, CI 0.32 to 1.32, p = 0.23, I2 = 76%) and need for renal replacement therapy OR 0.95, CI 0.50 to 1.80, p = 0.87, I2 = 0%). Permanent pacemaker was more frequent in the TAVI arm compared with SAVR arm, 379 versus 110, (OR 3.75, CI 1.67 to 8.42, p = 0.001, I2 = 89%). In conclusion, TAVI is associated with a reduction in AKIs at 30 days despite the exposure to contrast and higher incidence of new permanent pacemaker placement.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine