Metabolite changes in neonatal rat brain during and after cerebral hypoxia-ischemia: A magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging study

K. L. Malisza, P. Kozlowski, G. Ning, S. Bascaramurty, U. I. Tuor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cerebral metabolite concentrations were measured in infant rats using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging. Measurements were made prior to, during and after exposure of rats (6- and 7-day-old) to unilateral cerebral hypoxia-ischemia (right carotid artery occlusion +2 h 8% oxygen). Data clustered according to age and outcome - 6-day-old animals with no infarct and 7-day-old animals with infarct. In 6-day-old animals, cerebral lactate concentration increased during hypoxia-ischemia, particularly ipsilateral to the occlusion, and returned to normal soon after the end of hypoxia. There were no major changes in N-acetyl-aspartate levels (NAA) in this group and no regions of hyperintensity on T2 or DW weighted images at 24 h. In the 7-day-old animals, lactate increased during hypoxia-ischemia and remained elevated in the first hour after reperfusion. Furthermore, lactate remained at 258 ± 117% and 233 ± 56% of pre-hypoxic levels, 24 and 48 h post-hypoxia, respectively. NAA concentrations ipsilateral to the occlusion decreased to 55 ± 14% during hypoxia, recovered early post-hypoxia and again decreased to 61 ± 25% and 41 ± 28% at 24 and 48 h post-hypoxia-ischemia, respectively. The infarct volumes measured by diffusion weighted and T2 weighted MRI at 48h post-hypoxia were 152 ± 40 mm3 and 172 ± 35 mm3, respectively. Thus, irreversible damage correlated well with measured in vivo lactate and NAA changes. Those animals in which NAA was unaltered and lactate recovered soon after hypoxia did not show long-term damage (6-day-old animals), whereas those animals in which NAA decreased and lactate remained elevated went on to infarction (7-day-old animals).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)31-38
Number of pages8
JournalNMR in Biomedicine
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1999

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Spectroscopy

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Metabolite changes in neonatal rat brain during and after cerebral hypoxia-ischemia: A magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this