The effect of indium surfactants on the growth of N-polar GaN films on vicinal C-face SiC substrates by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition was investigated. Triangular hillocks formed on the surface of N-polar GaN without indium, resulting in a rough surface. When indium surfactants were introduced during GaN growth, the surface roughness was reduced from 18.1 to 3.5 nm over a 20 × 20 μm 2 area. The photoluminescence characteristics of N-polar GaN film were also improved because of a reduction of carbon caused by the presence of indium, demonstrating that indium is a useful surfactant in the growth of N-polar GaN.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)